|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Perennial to trees, from membranous bulb, fibrous corm, scaly rhizome, or erect caudex
Stem generally underground
Leaves generally basal, often withering early, alternate, generally ± linear
Inflorescence various, generally bracted
Flower generally bisexual, generally radial; perianth often showy, segments generally 6 in two petal-like whorls (outer sometimes sepal-like), free or fused at base; stamens 6 (or 3 + generally 3 ± petal-like staminodes), filaments sometimes attached to perianth or fused into a tube or crown; ovary superior or inferior, chambers 3, placentas generally axile, style generally 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: generally capsule, loculicidal or septicidal (berry or nut)
Genera in family: ± 300 genera, 4600 species: especially ± dry temp and subtropical; many cultivated for ornamental or food;
some TOXIC. Here includes genera sometimes treated in Agavaceae, Amaryllidaceae, and other families.
Perennial with onion odor, taste; bulb solitary or on rhizomes, reforming each year, divides at base into daughter bulbs, outer bulb coats generally brown or gray, cell sculpture generally important to identification, inner bulb coats generally white
Stem scapose, cylindric or flat
Leaves basal, 15, linear, cylindric, channeled, or flat, generally withering from tip before flower
Inflorescence: umbel; bracts generally 24, conspicuous, ± fused, scarious
Flower: perianth segments 6, in 2 petal-like whorls; stamens 6, epipetalous, filaments wide at base, fused into a ring; ovary superior, sometimes with 3 or 6 crests, chambers 3, ovules generally 2 per chamber, style 1, stigma entire or 3-lobed
Fruit: capsule, loculicidal
Seed obovoid, black, sculpture net-like, smooth, or granular
Species in genus: 500 species: worldwide, especially CA
Etymology: (Latin: garlic)
Bulb 1017 mm, ovoid to ± spheric; outer coats red-brown, sculpture 0 or 23 rows of vertical cells above root pad; inner coats pale brown to white
Stem 1037 cm
Leaf 1.52 X stem, cylindric
Inflorescence: flowers 675; pedicels 620 mm
Flower 612 mm; perianth parts lanceolate to ovate, entire, dark red-purple to white; ovary crests 6, prominent, finely dentate to deeply cut
Ecology: Dry slopes and flats
Elevation: 3002700 m.
Bioregional distribution: s North Coast Ranges, s Sierra Nevada Foothills, Tehachapi Mountain Area, Central Western California, Southwestern California, East of Sierra Nevada, Desert
Distribution outside California: n Baja California
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Stem 1037 cm
Inflorescence: flowers 2075
Flower: perianth parts white to lavender; ovary crests finely, irregularly dentate to deeply cut, rarely 0
Ecology: UNCOMMON. Serpentine outcrops
Elevation: 300600 m.
Bioregional distribution: c Inner North Coast Ranges (w Colusa, eastern Lake cos.)
Horticultural information: DRN, DRY, SUN: 7, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 19, 20, 21; DFCLT.