|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual or perennial herb from rhizomes, submersed or emergent, sometimes dioecious or plants with some unisexual flowers
Stem short, erect, ± scapose
Leaves basal or cauline, alternate, generally narrowly cylindric; sheath open, generally liguled
Inflorescence: spike or raceme (terminal) or flowers solitary in axils; bracts 0
Flower: perianth parts generally 6 in 2 whorls (except 01 in Lilaea ), free, greenish; stamens generally 1, 3, or 6, filament short, ± fused to inner perianth parts, anthers elongate, dehiscing outward; pistil 1 (simple) or seemingly so (ovaries 3, 4, or 6, fused to central axis, each with 1 chamber and 1 style), ovule 1 per chamber, style short and plumose or long and thread-like
Fruit: follicle or nutlet
Genera in family: 5 genera, ± 20 species: temp and circumboreal.
Perennial from rhizomes in CA, terrestrial or aquatic
Stem erect, short, obscure
Leaves basal, ± tufted; sheath membranous; ligule entire to 2-lobed
Inflorescence: raceme, scapose, narrowly cylindric, glabrous; pedicels short
Flower bisexual; perianth parts 36, generally green, inner surface concave; stamens (1)36, subsessile, anthers wide; ovaries 3 or 6 (if 6, 3 sometimes sterile), 1-chambered, ± fused to central axis, style short, stigma papillate
Fruit: follicles 36, separating from axis
Seed 1, linear, ± flat or angled
Species in genus: ± 12 species: temp and circumboreal
Etymology: (Greek: 3-pointed, from fruits of some)
TOXIC when fresh from cyanogenic compounds.
Perennial from spreading to ascending rhizomes, < 3(4.56) dm
Leaf < 20 cm, ± 1 mm wide, subcylindric, ± fleshy; ligule 0.51.5 mm, 2-lobed
Inflorescences 2 or more per plant, > leaves; pedicels < 5 mm, ascending
Flower: perianth parts generally 6, ± 1.5 mm; stamens generally 6; fertile ovaries 6
Fruits 6 per flower, < 5 mm, oblong-ovoid, falling from axis
Ecology: Salt marshes, alkaline meadows, seeps, mudflats, stream and lake margins
Elevation: < 2500 m.
Bioregional distribution: North Coast, s High Sierra Nevada, Central Coast, South Coast, Great Basin Floristic Province, Mojave Desert
Distribution outside California: to Canada, Colorado, Baja California
Plant < 3(4.5) dm
Ecology: Uncommon. Salt marshes
Elevation: < 5 m.
Bioregional distribution: North Coast, Central Coast, South Coast
Distribution outside California: to British Columbia, Baja California
Horticultural information: WET, saline to fresh water margins and mud; SUN: 4, 5, 15, 16, 17, 24.