This page is based on the 1993 Jepson Manual.
Please see the Jepson eFlora for up-to-date information about California vascular plants.
|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
Print edition is available from the University of California Press
|The second edition of The Jepson Manual (2012) is available from the University of California Press|
|See also the Jepson eFlora, which parallels the Second Edition|
Perennial, bulbed, cormed, or rhizomed
Stem generally erect
Leaves generally basal (a few cauline), 2-ranked, ± linear, generally grass-like, generally sharply folded along midrib; bases overlapping, sheathing
Inflorescence: spike, raceme, panicle, ± terminal, or flowers solitary; bracts ± like leaf bases, sheathing
Flower generally bisexual, generally radial; hypanthium fused to ovary; perianth parts generally fused into tube above ovary, generally petal-like, in 2 series of 3, outer (sepals) generally ± like inner (petals); stamens 3, generally attached to sepals, filaments fused below into a tube or not; ovary inferior, 3-chambered, placentas generally axile, style 1, each of 3 branches entire or 2-branched or -lobed, petal-like or not, with stigma on under surface instead of at tip
Fruit: capsule, loculicidal
Genera in family: 80 genera, ± 1500 species: worldwide, especially Africa; many cultivated (e.g., Iris, Gladiolus, Crocus, Freesia ).
Perennial; rhizomes compact
Stems single or tufted, generally ± flat and winged or rounded, sometimes with leaf-bearing nodes well above basal leaves, each with 1 or more flower-branches
Leaf narrow, grass-like
Inflorescence: flowers in umbel-like clusters; bracts 2, equal in length or not, margins translucent
Flower ephemeral; perianth reddish purple, bluish, violet, yellow, rarely white, parts ± alike, but outer generally wider; filaments ± completely free to ± completely fused
Seeds ovoid, smooth or pitted
Species in genus: ± 70 species: w hemisphere
Etymology: (Name used by Theophrastus for Iris-like plant)
Reference: [Henderson 1976 Brittonia 28:149176]
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Stems tufted, < 70 cm, almost always with leaf-bearing nodes, pale green, glaucous
Inflorescence: translucent margins of inner bract widest at tip, extending above tip as 2 rounded teeth
Flower: perianth 1015 mm, generally pale blue, tips truncate to sometimes notched, with a small point
Ecology: Generally strongly alkaline margins of wet areas
Elevation: < 800 m.
Bioregional distribution: ne Mojave Desert (Death Valley region)
Distribution outside California: adjacent Nevada
Flowering time: FebApr
Horticultural information: IRR, ALKALINE: 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23.
|YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).|