|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
For up-to-date information about California vascular plants, visit the Jepson eFlora.
Perennial, bulbed, cormed, or rhizomed
Stem generally erect
Leaves generally basal (a few cauline), 2-ranked, ± linear, generally grass-like, generally sharply folded along midrib; bases overlapping, sheathing
Inflorescence: spike, raceme, panicle, ± terminal, or flowers solitary; bracts ± like leaf bases, sheathing
Flower generally bisexual, generally radial; hypanthium fused to ovary; perianth parts generally fused into tube above ovary, generally petal-like, in 2 series of 3, outer (sepals) generally ± like inner (petals); stamens 3, generally attached to sepals, filaments fused below into a tube or not; ovary inferior, 3-chambered, placentas generally axile, style 1, each of 3 branches entire or 2-branched or -lobed, petal-like or not, with stigma on under surface instead of at tip
Fruit: capsule, loculicidal
Genera in family: 80 genera, ± 1500 species: worldwide, especially Africa; many cultivated (e.g., Iris, Gladiolus, Crocus, Freesia ).
Perennial; corm rounded, with fibrous covering
Stem generally unbranched
Inflorescence: generally spike; flowers each subtended by 2 leathery, entire bracts
Flower generally bisexual, bilateral; perianth funnel-shaped, tube ± curved, upper 3 lobes > lower 3; stamens attached to base of perianth tube, arching to upper lobes; style ± = stamens, branches each entire, arched
Seeds many, winged or not
Species in genus: ± 180 species: especially Africa, also Madagascar, Eur
Etymology: (Latin: little sword, from leaf shape)
Reference: [Lewis and others 1972 J S Africa Bot, Suppl vol 10]
Many species and hybrids cultivated as ornamental.
Stem < 100 cm, > leaves
Inflorescence: flowers generally < 15
Flower generally bisexual (some plants pistillate); stamens, style exerted from perianth tube
Ecology: Uncommon. Disturbed ground, orchards, old fields
Elevation: < 500 m.
Bioregional distribution: Outer North Coast Ranges, South Coast
Distribution outside California: native to s Europe
Synonyms: G. segetum Ker Gawl
|YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).|