Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

link to manual TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993) previous taxon | next taxon
Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



Elizabeth McClintock, except as specified

Perennial, bulbed, cormed, or rhizomed
Stem generally erect
Leaves generally basal (a few cauline), 2-ranked, ± linear, generally grass-like, generally sharply folded along midrib; bases overlapping, sheathing
Inflorescence: spike, raceme, panicle, ± terminal, or flowers solitary; bracts ± like leaf bases, sheathing
Flower generally bisexual, generally radial; hypanthium fused to ovary; perianth parts generally fused into tube above ovary, generally petal-like, in 2 series of 3, outer (sepals) generally ± like inner (petals); stamens 3, generally attached to sepals, filaments fused below into a tube or not; ovary inferior, 3-chambered, placentas generally axile, style 1, each of 3 branches entire or 2-branched or -lobed, petal-like or not, with stigma on under surface instead of at tip
Fruit: capsule, loculicidal
Seeds few–many
Genera in family: 80 genera, ± 1500 species: worldwide, especially Africa; many cultivated (e.g., Iris, Gladiolus, Crocus, Freesia ).


Perennial; corm rounded, with fibrous covering
Stem generally unbranched
Inflorescence: generally spike; flowers each subtended by 2 leathery, entire bracts
Flower generally bisexual, bilateral; perianth funnel-shaped, tube ± curved, upper 3 lobes > lower 3; stamens attached to base of perianth tube, arching to upper lobes; style ± = stamens, branches each entire, arched
Seeds many, winged or not
Species in genus: ± 180 species: especially Africa, also Madagascar, Eur
Etymology: (Latin: little sword, from leaf shape)
Reference: [Lewis and others 1972 J S Africa Bot, Suppl vol 10]
Many species and hybrids cultivated as ornamental.


G. italicus Mill.

Stem < 100 cm, > leaves
Inflorescence: flowers generally < 15
Flower generally bisexual (some plants pistillate); stamens, style exerted from perianth tube
Ecology: Uncommon. Disturbed ground, orchards, old fields
Elevation: < 500 m.
Bioregional distribution: Outer North Coast Ranges, South Coast
Distribution outside California: native to s Europe
Synonyms: G. segetum Ker Gawl

previous taxon | next taxon
bioregional map for GLADIOLUS%20italicus being generated

Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Gladiolus italicus
Retrieve dichotomous key for Gladiolus
Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
Show other taxa with the same California distribution | Read about bioregions | Get lists of plants in a bioregion
Return to the Jepson Interchange main page
Return to treatment index page

University & Jepson Herbaria Home Page |
General Information | University Herbarium | Jepson Herbarium |
Visiting the Herbaria | On-line Resources | Research |
Education | Related Sites
Copyright © by the Regents of the University of California