Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
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  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

CYPERACEAE

SEDGE FAMILY

Raymond Cranfill, except as specified

Annual or perennial herb, often rhizomed, often of wet open places, generally monoecious; roots fibrous, hairy
Stem generally 3-sided
Leaves often 3-ranked; sheath generally closed; ligule generally 0; blade (0) various, parallel-veined
Inflorescence: spikelets variously clustered; flowers generally sessile in axil of flower bract
Flower small, generally wind-pollinated; perianth 0 or bristle-like; stamens generally 3, anthers attached at base, 4-chambered; ovary superior, 1-chambered, 1-ovuled, style 2–3-branched
Fruit: achene, generally 3-sided
Genera in family: ± 110 genera, 3600 species: worldwide, especially temp
Reference: [Tucker 1987 J Arnold Arbor 68:361–445]
Difficult: taxa differ in technical characters of inflorescence and fruit.

RHYNCHOSPORA

BEAKED-RUSH

Perennial
Stem rounded or 3-sided, leafy, solid
Leaves sheathing
Inflorescence generally subtended by 1+ awn-like bracts; spikelets 1–many in generally terminal clusters; flower bracts spiraled, lower generally sterile, upper generally staminate, others bisexual
Flower: perianth bristles 5–many, persistent; stamens 3; style 2-branched, base much expanded, persistent as tubercle on fruit
Fruit 2-sided
Species in genus: ± 200 species: worldwide, especially tropical
Etymology: (Greek: beaked seed)
Reference: [Gale 1944 Rhodora 46:89–134;159–197;207–249;255–278]

Native

R. californica Gale

CALIFORNIA BEAKED-RUSH


Inflorescence: flower bracts reddish to dark brown
Flower: perianth bristles 6–7, = or > fruit, barbs ascending
Fruit ± 2 mm; body obovoid, dark, strongly ridged; tubercle chalky- white
Ecology: Marshes, bogs, seeps
Elevation: < 1000 m.
Bioregional distribution: s Northwestern California (Sonoma Co.), n&c Sierra Nevada Foothills (Butte, Mariposa? cos.), n San Francisco Bay Area.Mariposa Co. plants not recently collected, may be undescribed.
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
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bioregional map for RHYNCHOSPORA%20californica being generated
 


Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Rhynchospora californica
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