This page is based on the 1993 Jepson Manual.
Please see the Jepson eFlora for up-to-date information about California vascular plants.
|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
Print edition is available from the University of California Press
|The second edition of The Jepson Manual (2012) is available from the University of California Press|
|See also the Jepson eFlora, which parallels the Second Edition|
Annual or perennial herb, often rhizomed, often of wet open places, generally monoecious; roots fibrous, hairy
Stem generally 3-sided
Leaves often 3-ranked; sheath generally closed; ligule generally 0; blade (0) various, parallel-veined
Inflorescence: spikelets variously clustered; flowers generally sessile in axil of flower bract
Flower small, generally wind-pollinated; perianth 0 or bristle-like; stamens generally 3, anthers attached at base, 4-chambered; ovary superior, 1-chambered, 1-ovuled, style 23-branched
Fruit: achene, generally 3-sided
Genera in family: ± 110 genera, 3600 species: worldwide, especially temp
Reference: [Tucker 1987 J Arnold Arbor 68:361445]
Difficult: taxa differ in technical characters of inflorescence and fruit.
Annual or perennial herb
Stem generally round, ridged and grooved, generally solid
Leaves basal, 1(4); base sheathing; blade generally 0
Inflorescence: spikelet solitary, terminal, erect; spikelet bract 0; flower bracts generally spiraled
Flowers bisexual; perianth bristles 06, persistent, barbs generally recurved; stamens (1)3; style 23-branched, base bulb-like, persistent
Fruit 23-sided or round; top tubercled
Species in genus: ± 250 species: worldwide
Etymology: (Greek: marsh grace)
St shape best seen in fresh material (or just below spikelet); drying exaggerates ridges and grooves.
Perennial < 8 dm, often floating, rhizomed
Stem generally > 0.5 mm wide, spongy, often flattened in pressing
Leaves several, generally spaced, needle-like (1 sheathing, ± appressed, base greenish, tip not expanded, not scarious)
Inflorescence: spikelet 34 mm, wider than stem, linear to ovate, 412-flowered; flower bract greenish to straw-colored, tip ± obtuse
Flower: style 3-branched
Fruit: perianth bristles (0) generally > fruit; body 0.70.8 mm, elliptic to obovate, weakly 3-sided, several-ridged, crossbars 3040 per row, dull yellow-white; tubercle conic, ± flat, base narrowed
Ecology: Marshes, lake edges
Elevation: < 1500 m.
Bioregional distribution: Northwestern California, San Joaquin Valley, Central Western California, Southwestern California
Distribution outside California: s US to S.America
Synonyms: E. acicularis var. r. (Poiret) Britton misapplied
|YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).|