This page is based on the 1993 Jepson Manual.
Please see the Jepson eFlora for up-to-date information about California vascular plants.
|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
Print edition is available from the University of California Press
|The second edition of The Jepson Manual (2012) is available from the University of California Press|
|See also the Jepson eFlora, which parallels the Second Edition|
Shrub, tree, evergreen, monoecious, dioecious, or flowers bisexual
Stem: trunk generally ± erect, unbranched
Leaves splitting to be palmately or pinnately dissected or compound, alternate, forming a terminal crown, large; base sheathing; petiole often long
Inflorescence: generally large panicle, axillary; peduncle sheathed by 1 or more large bracts; flowers many, generally ± sessile
Flower generally small, ± radial; sepals and petals generally 3, sometimes similar, fused at base or free; stamens generally 6; pistils 1 or 3, ovaries superior, generally 3, (if 1, chambers generally 3), styles free or fused
Fruit: often a drupe
Genera in family: ± 200 genera, 3,000 species: tropical, subtropical; many cultivated, especially for ornamental
Reference: [Uhl & Dransfield 1987 Genera Palmarum]
Used for food (fats, oils, fruits, seeds) and building materials.
Leaves persistent as a "skirt," palmately divided; segments folded longitudinally with margins upward; petiole margins and lower blade generally spiny
Inflorescence within crown, > leaves
Flower bisexual; perianth white; calyx lobes 3, ± erect; corolla lobes 3, reflexed; ovary 3-lobed, chambers 3
Species in genus: 2 species: deserts of s CA, AZ, n Mex
Etymology: (George Washington, 1st president, US, 17321799)
Reference: [Bailey 1936 Gentes Herb 4:5282]
Widely cultivated as ornamental, CA to Florida.
Stem: trunk thick, robust, < 20 m; base generally not swollen
Leaf gray-green; petiole 12 m; blade 12 m, divided nearly to middle, segments 4060, margins with thread-like fibers, tips ± reflexed
Fruit oblong or ovate, black
Ecology: UNCOMMON (but locally abundant). Groves, moist places, seeps, springs, streamsides
Elevation: < 1200 m.
Bioregional distribution: Sonoran Desert
Distribution outside California: se Arizona, n Baja California
Flowering time: Jun
Reportedly naturalized along Kern River (Kern Co.) and near springs in DMoj (Death Valley National Monument); expected elsewhere
Horticultural information: SUN: 14, 15, 16, 17, 22, 23, 24 &IRR: 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 18, 19, 20, 21.
|YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).|