This page is based on the 1993 Jepson Manual.
Please see the Jepson eFlora for up-to-date information about California vascular plants.
|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
Print edition is available from the University of California Press
|The second edition of The Jepson Manual (2012) is available from the University of California Press|
|See also the Jepson eFlora, which parallels the Second Edition|
Perennial from corm or short, thick rhizome, aquatic, glabrous
Leaves simple, basal, generally submersed, petioled; blade expanded or not (if floating, blade elliptic to lanceolate)
Inflorescence: generally spike, terminal; branches 23(10), scapose above water, subtended by conspicuous, deciduous bract
Flower generally bisexual; perianth parts 06, generally petal-like; stamens 6 in 2 whorls or many; pistils generally 36, fused ± 1/22/3 length, simple above, separating in fruit, ovary superior, chamber 1, ovules 18, style short, stigmatic surface grooved
Fruit: follicles, leathery
Seeds several; embryo straight
Genera in family: 1 genus, ± 40 species: tropical Asia to Australia, s Africa.
Species in genus: ± 40 species: old world tropical (Asia, Australia), s Africa
Etymology: (Greek: from aquatic habitat)
Leaf: petiole long; blade elliptic, floating
Flower: perianth segment 1, base wide, white; stamens many
Elevation: < 150 m.
Bioregional distribution: c-w San Francisco Bay Area, s South Coast, expected elsewhere
Distribution outside California: native to s Africa
Widely cultivated for aquaria, often escaping but generally a waif.
|YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).|