|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual to shrub or vine (generally per in CA)
Leaves basal, cauline, or both, generally alternate, entire to compound; stipules generally small
Inflorescence: head, raceme, panicle, or flowers solitary; peduncle bractlets 2
Flower generally bisexual, generally bilateral; sepals 5, free to slightly fused, generally persistent; petals 5, free, lowest generally spurred or pouched at base; stamens generally 5, alternate petals, filaments short, wide, anthers surrounding ovary, adherent or fused, often with nectaries at base, often with membranous appendage at tip; ovary superior, chamber 1, placentas 3, parietal, ovules generally many, style 1
Fruit: generally capsule, 3-valved, generally explosively dehiscent
Seeds generally appendaged
Genera in family: 15 genera, 600 species: generally temp, worldwide; some cultivated as ornamental; some Eur species medicinally useful as emetics, diuretics, purgatives
Reference: [Brizicky 1961 J Arnold Arbor 42:321333]
Annual or perennial herb < 35 cm, glabrous to hairy
Leaf entire to compound
Inflorescence: flower generally solitary, axillary
Flower bilateral; sepals subequal, appendaged at base; petals unequal, lowest spurred or pouched at base, lateral 2 equal, generally spreading, often hairy near base, upper 2 equal, erect; lower 2 stamens with nectaries projecting into spur
Fruit: capsule, ovoid to oblong
Etymology: (Latin: ancient name)
Reference: [Clausen 1964 Madroño 17:173197]
Cleistogamous flowers generally present. Seeds often dispersed by ants that feed on seed-appendages.
Plant 422 cm, rosette-forming or not, glabrous to hairy
Stem prostrate to erect from woody taproot
Leaves simple, linear to ovate, generally ± toothed or wavy-margined; blade base tapered, tip acute; basal 420 cm, thin or not; cauline 30150 mm, generally 4 X width
Inflorescence: peduncle 2090 mm
Flower: lowest petal (including spur) 511 mm, lemon-yellow, lower 3 petals veined purple-brown, lateral 2 bearded, upper 2 ± purple-brown outside
Fruit 47 mm, puberulent
Ecology: Dry places under shrubs or conifers to barren alpine rock
Elevation: 14003400 m.
Bioregional distribution: Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada, Western Transverse Ranges, San Bernardino Mountains, San Jacinto Mountains.Variable; needs study
Horticultural information: TRY; DFCLT.
Plant 410 cm, canescentSee the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Leaves 310 mm wide; basal 4095 mm; cauline 3080 mm
Inflorescence: peduncle < 70 mm. Dry mtn peaks and slopes
Elevation: 15003400 m.
Bioregional distribution: s High Sierra Nevada
Synonyms: V. purpurea subsp. xerophyta M.S. Baker & J.C. Clausen in part