|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual to shrub or vine (generally per in CA)
Leaves basal, cauline, or both, generally alternate, entire to compound; stipules generally small
Inflorescence: head, raceme, panicle, or flowers solitary; peduncle bractlets 2
Flower generally bisexual, generally bilateral; sepals 5, free to slightly fused, generally persistent; petals 5, free, lowest generally spurred or pouched at base; stamens generally 5, alternate petals, filaments short, wide, anthers surrounding ovary, adherent or fused, often with nectaries at base, often with membranous appendage at tip; ovary superior, chamber 1, placentas 3, parietal, ovules generally many, style 1
Fruit: generally capsule, 3-valved, generally explosively dehiscent
Seeds generally appendaged
Genera in family: 15 genera, 600 species: generally temp, worldwide; some cultivated as ornamental; some Eur species medicinally useful as emetics, diuretics, purgatives
Reference: [Brizicky 1961 J Arnold Arbor 42:321333]
Annual or perennial herb < 35 cm, glabrous to hairy
Leaf entire to compound
Inflorescence: flower generally solitary, axillary
Flower bilateral; sepals subequal, appendaged at base; petals unequal, lowest spurred or pouched at base, lateral 2 equal, generally spreading, often hairy near base, upper 2 equal, erect; lower 2 stamens with nectaries projecting into spur
Fruit: capsule, ovoid to oblong
Etymology: (Latin: ancient name)
Reference: [Clausen 1964 Madroño 17:173197]
Cleistogamous flowers generally present. Seeds often dispersed by ants that feed on seed-appendages.
Plant 334 mm
Stem erect from scaly, spreading rhizome, glabrous or hairy
Leaves simple; basal 04, petiole 25270 mm, blade 213 cm wide, generally wider than long; cauline only near stem tip, ovate to widely reniform, ± entire to crenate or serrate, thin, tips generally acute
Inflorescence: peduncles only from upper axils, 2080 mm
Flower: petals deep yellow, lowest (including spur) 616 mm, lower 3 veined purple, lateral 2 bearded
Fruit 717 mm, glabrous
Ecology: Damp, wet, or shady places in forests, streambanks, etc.
Elevation: 02600 m.
Bioregional distribution: Northwestern California, Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada, Central Western California, Warner Mountains
Synonyms: V. californica M.S. Baker
Horticultural information: IRR or WET, DRN: 4, 5, 6, 17 &SHD: 1, 2, 3, 7, 14, 15, 16, 18; occasionally. INV.