|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual to tree, generally hairy
Leaves cauline, opposite, generally toothed; stipules 0
Inflorescence: raceme, spike, or head, generally elongated in fruit; bract generally 1 per flower
Flower bisexual; calyx generally 45-toothed; corolla 45-lobed, radial to bilateral, salverform to 2-lipped; stamens 45, epipetalous (if 4, generally in unequal pairs); ovary superior, 2- or 4-lobed, generally 2-chambered, style 1, often with 2 unequal lobes, only 1 stigmatic, lateral
Fruit: 2 or 4 nutlets, drupe-like, or capsule
Genera in family: ± 90 genera, ± 1900 species: especially Am tropical. Some cultivated (Clerodendron , Lantana , Verbena , Vitex ); some weedy worldwide (Lantana ); some used for wood (Tectona , teak).
Annual to shrub
Stems often 4-angled; hairs generally short, stiff
Leaves reduced upward; blade entire to pinnately lobed
Inflorescence: spikes, often in panicle-like clusters, generally terminal, generally very long in fruit
Flower: calyx 5-ribbed, 5-toothed, hairs generally strigose or appressed; corolla 45-lobed, ± radial to bilateral and 2-lipped; stamens 4, paired; ovary 4-chambered, ovules 4, style 1, lobes 2, 1 tooth-like, 1 with ± spheric stigma
Fruit: nutlets 4, generally oblong
Species in genus: ± 250 species: temp, tropical Am, Medit Eur
Etymology: (Latin: ancient name)
Reference: [Umber 1979 Syst Bot 4:72102; Barber 1982 Syst Bot 7:433456]
Perennial 3580 cm
Stems 15+, decumbent to erect; hairs short, spreading
Leaf 410 cm, ± ovate, coarsely toothed, generally deeply 12-lobed near base, soft-hairy to scabrous; petiole < 2 cm, winged
Inflorescence: spikes 13 per stem, 725 cm, generally open below (fruits not overlapping); flower bract 34.5 mm
Flower: calyx 2.54 mm; corolla 2.55 mm, blue to purple
Fruit 12 mm
Ecology: Open, dry to wet places
Elevation: < 2500 m.
Bioregional distribution: California Floristic Province
Distribution outside California: Oregon, Baja California
Varieties need further study.
Leaf: upper surface green, generally scabrous
Fruit: nutlet scar white-papillate at 20X magnification
Ecology: Habitats of sp.
Elevation: < 1500 m.
Bioregional distribution: s Northwestern California, s Sierra Nevada Foothills, Tehachapi Mountain Area, Central Western California, South Coast, Channel Islands (except San Clemente Island), Western Transverse Ranges, w Peninsular Ranges
Distribution outside California: Baja California
Synonyms: V. robusta Greene
Horticultural information: SUN: 15, 16, 17 &IRR: 7, 8, 9, 14, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24.