|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
For up-to-date information about California vascular plants, visit the Jepson eFlora.
Annual to tree, generally hairy
Leaves cauline, opposite, generally toothed; stipules 0
Inflorescence: raceme, spike, or head, generally elongated in fruit; bract generally 1 per flower
Flower bisexual; calyx generally 45-toothed; corolla 45-lobed, radial to bilateral, salverform to 2-lipped; stamens 45, epipetalous (if 4, generally in unequal pairs); ovary superior, 2- or 4-lobed, generally 2-chambered, style 1, often with 2 unequal lobes, only 1 stigmatic, lateral
Fruit: 2 or 4 nutlets, drupe-like, or capsule
Genera in family: ± 90 genera, ± 1900 species: especially Am tropical. Some cultivated (Clerodendron , Lantana , Verbena , Vitex ); some weedy worldwide (Lantana ); some used for wood (Tectona , teak).
Perennial, generally mat-like
Stem: central generally stolon-like; branches decumbent to erect, glabrous or ± strigose
Leaves opposite or clustered, strigose to appressed-hairy; hairs forked
Inflorescence: spike, ± spheric, becoming cylindric in fruit, dense; bracts ovate to wedge-shaped
Flower: calyx ± compressed, 24-toothed; corolla ± 2-lipped, tube generally > calyx; stamens 4, in unequal pairs; ovary 2-chambered, ovules 2, style lobes 2, stigma lateral
Fruit: nutlets 2
Species in genus: ± 15 species: warm temp, subtropical Am
Etymology: (Greek: clan or tribe, from clustered flowers)
Horticultural information: IRR or WET: 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 18, 19, 21, 22, 23 &SUN: 4, 5, 6, 15, 16, 17, 24 ; turf-like GRCVR; flowers attract bees.
Stem: internodes generally < 4 cm; branches generally < 15 cm
Leaf: blade 530 mm, ± ovate to wedge-shaped; margin generally serrate from above middle; teeth 511
Inflorescence 610 mm; peduncle 1.59 cm
Flower: corolla white to reddish
Ecology: Generally wet places
Elevation: < 400 m.
Bioregional distribution: Northwestern California (except Klamath Ranges, High North Coast Ranges), Great Central Valley, Central Coast, San Francisco Bay Area, South Coast, Channel Islands (Santa Cruz, Santa Catalina islands), Peninsular Ranges, Sonoran Desert
Distribution outside California: warm temperate, tropical ± worldwide
Leaf generally 45 X longer than wide; blade narrowly wedge-shaped
Ecology: Wet places, pond margins, ditches
Elevation: < 400 m.
Bioregional distribution: San Joaquin Valley, South Coast, Sonoran Desert
Distribution outside California: to c US, n Mexico
Flowering time: JulNov
Synonyms: Lippia i. (Small) Tidestrom
|YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).|