|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
For up-to-date information about California vascular plants, visit the Jepson eFlora.
Shrubs, trees, much-branched, often in saline habitats
Stem: trunk bark rough
Leaves alternate, sessile, entire
Inflorescence: racemes or spikes; bracts scale-like
Flower: sepals 46, generally free, overlapping; petals 45, overlapping, generally attached below nectary; stamens 410, attached to disk-like nectary; ovary 1-chambered, placentas parietal or basal, ovules 2many, styles 25
Fruit: capsule, loculicidal
Seeds many, hairy
Genera in family: ± 5 genera, 100 species: Eurasia, Africa, especially Medit.
Stems green, glabrous; twigs jointed, slender, often drooping
Leaves on twigs, generally overlapping, awl- to scale-like, generally excreting salt
Inflorescences generally in panicle-like clusters on current or previous year's twigs
Flower: sepals generally 5, persistent; petals generally 5, deciduous to ± persistent, white to reddish; stamens generally 5, filaments alternate or confluent with nectar disk lobes; nectar disk 45-lobed; placentas basal, styles 3
Etymology: (Latin: Tamaris River, Spain)
Reference: [Baum 1967 Baileya 15:1925]
Invasive weeds with deep roots that lower water table, especially along streams, irrigation canals. Most CA species cultivated for ornamental, windbreaks; some may hybridize.
Shrub or tree 1.55 m
Leaf 22.5 mm, ± linear, long-acuminate
Inflorescence: spike 14 cm; bract > pedicel, triangular, tip obtuse to blunt
Flower: sepals 4, 11.5 mm, elliptic to ovate, entire to finely toothed, outer slightly > and wider than inner, acute to abruptly pointed, inner obtuse; petals 4, ± 2 mm, ± oblong; stamens generally 4; nectar disk 4-lobed, lobes longer than wide, confluent with filaments
Ecology: Common. Washes, slopes, sand dunes, roadsides
Elevation: < 800 m.
Bioregional distribution: s North Coast Ranges, s Sierra Nevada Foothills, Tehachapi Mountain Area, Great Central Valley, Central Coast, San Francisco Bay Area, Inner South Coast Ranges, South Coast, East of Sierra Nevada, Desert
Distribution outside California: to ne N.America, Mexico; native to se Europe
Flowering time: MarApr
Synonyms: T. tetrandra Pall. misapplied
|YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).|