Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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STAPHYLEACEAE

BLADDERNUT FAMILY

James R. Shevock

Perennial, shrubs, trees, some monoecious or dioecious
Leaves generally opposite, pinnately compound; leaflets generally toothed; stipules 0 or paired
Inflorescence: panicle or raceme, drooping
Flowers small, radial; sepals 5, free or fused at base, often petal-like; petals 5, free; stamens 5, alternate petals, often attached to nectary-disk; ovary superior, chambers 2–4, each with 1–12 ovules in 2 rows
Fruit: generally inflated capsule with open top, sometimes follicles, drupe, or berry
Seeds generally 1–2 per chamber
Genera in family: 5 genera, ± 50 species: n temp, Asia, C.Am, South America.; some cultivated for showy fruit (Staphylea ) or used for timber (Turpinia ).

STAPHYLEA

BLADDERNUT

Perennial, shrub, trees
Leaves deciduous, opposite; leaflets generally 3
Inflorescence: panicle
Flower: petals white or pink
Fruit: capsule, inflated, bladdery, deeply 3-lobed, pendent
Seeds spheric, light brown
Species in genus: 10 species: n temp
Etymology: (Greek: cluster, from inflorescence)

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