Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

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  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

SOLANACEAE

NIGHTSHADE FAMILY

Michael Nee

Annual to shrub
Leaves generally simple, generally alternate, generally petioled; stipules 0; blade entire to deeply lobed
Inflorescence various
Flower bisexual; calyx lobes generally 5; corolla ± radial, cylindric to rotate, lobes generally 5; stamens 5, alternate corolla lobes; ovary superior, generally 2-chambered, style 1
Fruit: berry or capsule, 2–5-chambered
Genera in family: 75 genera, 3000 species: worldwide, especially ± tropical; many alien weeds in CA; many cultivated for food, drugs, or ornamental (potato, tomato, peppers, tobacco, petunia); many TOXIC.

SALPICHROA

Perennial from rhizome
Leaf fleshy, entire
Inflorescence: flowers solitary in axils
Flower: calyx deeply lobed; corolla lobes small; stamens ± included, anthers converging toward style, oblong; style 1, thread-like, stigma head-like
Fruit: berry, juicy
Seeds many, compressed
Species in genus: 15 species: South America, especially Andes
Etymology: (Greek: trumpet color)

Introduced

S. origanifolia (Lam.) Baill.

Plant < 2 m, decumbent to climbing, hairy
Leaf 10–35 mm; petiole 5–10 mm; blade widely elliptic to ovate, ± glabrous
Inflorescence: pedicels 3–14 mm
Flower: calyx lobes 2–3 mm; corolla urn-shaped, white or greenish, with a densely woolly ring inside, lobes 2–3 mm, triangular; anthers 1.5–2 mm, slightly exserted; disk below ovary brick-red
Fruit 10–15 mm, ovoid, white or pale yellow, ill-smelling
Chromosomes: n=12
Ecology: Disturbed places
Elevation: < 100 m.
Bioregional distribution: North Coast, w Central Western California, South Coast
Distribution outside California: to Texas, n Mexico, Europe; native to S.America
Synonyms: S. rhomboidea (Gillies & Hook.) Miers

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bioregional map for SALPICHROA%20origanifolia being generated
 


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