Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
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SOLANACEAE

NIGHTSHADE FAMILY

Michael Nee

Annual to shrub
Leaves generally simple, generally alternate, generally petioled; stipules 0; blade entire to deeply lobed
Inflorescence various
Flower bisexual; calyx lobes generally 5; corolla ± radial, cylindric to rotate, lobes generally 5; stamens 5, alternate corolla lobes; ovary superior, generally 2-chambered, style 1
Fruit: berry or capsule, 2–5-chambered
Genera in family: 75 genera, 3000 species: worldwide, especially ± tropical; many alien weeds in CA; many cultivated for food, drugs, or ornamental (potato, tomato, peppers, tobacco, petunia); many TOXIC.

SALPICHROA

Perennial from rhizome
Leaf fleshy, entire
Inflorescence: flowers solitary in axils
Flower: calyx deeply lobed; corolla lobes small; stamens ± included, anthers converging toward style, oblong; style 1, thread-like, stigma head-like
Fruit: berry, juicy
Seeds many, compressed
Species in genus: 15 species: South America, especially Andes
Etymology: (Greek: trumpet color)

Introduced

S. origanifolia (Lam.) Baill.

Plant < 2 m, decumbent to climbing, hairy
Leaf 10–35 mm; petiole 5–10 mm; blade widely elliptic to ovate, ± glabrous
Inflorescence: pedicels 3–14 mm
Flower: calyx lobes 2–3 mm; corolla urn-shaped, white or greenish, with a densely woolly ring inside, lobes 2–3 mm, triangular; anthers 1.5–2 mm, slightly exserted; disk below ovary brick-red
Fruit 10–15 mm, ovoid, white or pale yellow, ill-smelling
Chromosomes: n=12
Ecology: Disturbed places
Elevation: < 100 m.
Bioregional distribution: North Coast, w Central Western California, South Coast
Distribution outside California: to Texas, n Mexico, Europe; native to S.America
Synonyms: S. rhomboidea (Gillies & Hook.) Miers

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bioregional map for SALPICHROA%20origanifolia being generated
 
YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).

Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Salpichroa origanifolia
Retrieve dichotomous key for Salpichroa
Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
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