Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
link to manual TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993) previous taxon | next taxon
Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

    THIS PAGE IS NO LONGER UPDATED
    AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

SOLANACEAE

NIGHTSHADE FAMILY

Michael Nee

Annual to shrub
Leaves generally simple, generally alternate, generally petioled; stipules 0; blade entire to deeply lobed
Inflorescence various
Flower bisexual; calyx lobes generally 5; corolla ± radial, cylindric to rotate, lobes generally 5; stamens 5, alternate corolla lobes; ovary superior, generally 2-chambered, style 1
Fruit: berry or capsule, 2–5-chambered
Genera in family: 75 genera, 3000 species: worldwide, especially ± tropical; many alien weeds in CA; many cultivated for food, drugs, or ornamental (potato, tomato, peppers, tobacco, petunia); many TOXIC.

PHYSALIS

GROUND-CHERRY

Annual or rhizomed per; hairs sometimes branched
Leaves sometimes ± opposite, entire to pinnately lobed
Inflorescence: flowers 1–few per axil, pedicelled
Flower: calyx 5-lobed, enlarged and persistent in fruit; corolla rotate to widely bell-shaped, yellowish, often dark-spotted inside; stamens 5, filaments inserted on hairy band in corolla tube, anthers free, generally < filaments, opening by slits; style generally straight
Fruit: berry
Seeds many, 2–2.5 mm, ± spheric to reniform
Species in genus: ± 85 species: Am, Eurasia, Australia
Etymology: (Greek: bladder, from calyx in fruit)
Reference: [Sullivan 1985 Syst Bot 10:426–444]
Some species cultivated for edible or ornamental fruit. Unripe fruit often TOXIC. Needs further study in w US.

Introduced

P. pubescens L.

Annual < 8 dm; hairs simple, ± dense, spreading, most with small glands
Leaf 3–9 cm, widely ovate to ± cordate, entire to coarsely toothed
Inflorescence: pedicels 3–12 mm, in fruit ± longer
Flower: calyx 5 mm, in fruit 20–40 mm, sharply 5-angled with ribs between; corolla ± 10 mm wide, widely bell-shaped, yellow, tube with 5 dark spots inside; anthers 1.5–2 mm, blue
Ecology: Waste places, cultivated fields
Elevation: < 1500 m.
Bioregional distribution: s Outer North Coast Ranges, San Joaquin Valley, s East of Sierra Nevada, Desert, expected elsewhere
Distribution outside California: native to c&e US

Introduced

var. integrifolia (Dunal) Waterf.


Leaf 3–5 cm, thin, drying ± translucent; teeth 0–few
Chromosomes: n=12
Ecology: Habitats and elevations of sp.
Bioregional distribution: s Outer North Coast Ranges, San Joaquin Valley, expected elsewhere
Distribution outside California: native to eastern US

previous taxon | next taxon
bioregional map for PHYSALIS%20pubescens%20var.%20integrifolia being generated
 


Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Physalis pubescens var. integrifolia
Retrieve dichotomous key for Physalis
Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
Show other taxa with the same California distribution | Read about bioregions | Get lists of plants in a bioregion
Return to the Jepson Interchange main page
Return to treatment index page
Glossary


University & Jepson Herbaria Home Page |
General Information | University Herbarium | Jepson Herbarium |
Visiting the Herbaria | On-line Resources | Research |
Education | Related Sites
Copyright © by the Regents of the University of California