|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual to shrub
Leaves generally simple, generally alternate, generally petioled; stipules 0; blade entire to deeply lobed
Flower bisexual; calyx lobes generally 5; corolla ± radial, cylindric to rotate, lobes generally 5; stamens 5, alternate corolla lobes; ovary superior, generally 2-chambered, style 1
Fruit: berry or capsule, 25-chambered
Genera in family: 75 genera, 3000 species: worldwide, especially ± tropical; many alien weeds in CA; many cultivated for food, drugs, or ornamental (potato, tomato, peppers, tobacco, petunia);
Annual to small tree
Inflorescence: raceme or panicle, terminal
Flower: calyx 5-lobed, ± enlarging, not fully enclosing fruit; corolla generally radial, generally funnel-shaped to salverform; stamens 5, equal or 1 smaller
Seeds many, minute, angled
Species in genus: ± 60 species: generally Am; N. tabacum L. widely cultivated.
Etymology: (J. Nicot, 15301600, said to have introduced tobacco to Eur)
Reference: [Goodspeed 1954 Chron Bot 16:1536]
Seriously TOXIC to livestock.
Perennial 11.5 dm, glandular-puberulent
Leaves 530 cm; lower leaves elliptic to ovate, tapered to winged petiole; upper leaves ± clasping
Inflorescence: bracts < 40 mm, linear to lanceolate
Flower: calyx 815 mm, lobes < tube, ± equal, triangular; corolla narrowly funnel-shaped, white to cream, tube and throat 5075 mm, limb 1520 mm wide; stamens unequal, filaments attached below middle of tube
Fruit 1216 mm
Ecology: Open, disturbed areas, fields
Elevation: < 200 m.
Bioregional distribution: n Central Coast, San Francisco Bay Area
Distribution outside California: native to S.America
Plants with long-tapered sepal lobes ± = tube are N. alata Link & Otto, cultivated for ornamental, waif in fields.