Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

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  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

SOLANACEAE

NIGHTSHADE FAMILY

Michael Nee

Annual to shrub
Leaves generally simple, generally alternate, generally petioled; stipules 0; blade entire to deeply lobed
Inflorescence various
Flower bisexual; calyx lobes generally 5; corolla ± radial, cylindric to rotate, lobes generally 5; stamens 5, alternate corolla lobes; ovary superior, generally 2-chambered, style 1
Fruit: berry or capsule, 2–5-chambered
Genera in family: 75 genera, 3000 species: worldwide, especially ± tropical; many alien weeds in CA; many cultivated for food, drugs, or ornamental (potato, tomato, peppers, tobacco, petunia); many TOXIC.

NICOTIANA

TOBACCO

Annual to small tree
Leaves entire
Inflorescence: raceme or panicle, terminal
Flower: calyx 5-lobed, ± enlarging, not fully enclosing fruit; corolla generally radial, generally funnel-shaped to salverform; stamens 5, equal or 1 smaller
Fruit: capsule
Seeds many, minute, angled
Species in genus: ± 60 species: generally Am; N. tabacum L. widely cultivated.
Etymology: (J. Nicot, 1530–1600, said to have introduced tobacco to Eur)
Reference: [Goodspeed 1954 Chron Bot 16:1–536]
Seriously TOXIC to livestock.

Native

N. clevelandii A. Gray

Annual 2–6 dm, slender, ± glandular
Leaves 3–18 cm; lowermost leaves petioled, elliptic to ovate; upper leaves sessile, lanceolate
Inflorescence: bracts < 30 mm, linear to lanceolate
Flower: calyx 8–10 mm, lobes 4, very unequal (1 > tube), linear; corolla ± salverform, greenish white, tube 15–20 mm, limb 8–10 mm wide; stamens unequal, filaments attached below middle of corolla tube
Fruit 4–6 mm
Ecology: Generally sandy washes, scrub
Elevation: < 500 m.
Bioregional distribution: South Coast, Channel Islands (Santa Catalina, Santa Cruz islands), Sonoran Desert
Distribution outside California: Arizona, nw Mexico
Flowering time: Mar–Jun

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