Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

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  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

SOLANACEAE

NIGHTSHADE FAMILY

Michael Nee

Annual to shrub
Leaves generally simple, generally alternate, generally petioled; stipules 0; blade entire to deeply lobed
Inflorescence various
Flower bisexual; calyx lobes generally 5; corolla ± radial, cylindric to rotate, lobes generally 5; stamens 5, alternate corolla lobes; ovary superior, generally 2-chambered, style 1
Fruit: berry or capsule, 2–5-chambered
Genera in family: 75 genera, 3000 species: worldwide, especially ± tropical; many alien weeds in CA; many cultivated for food, drugs, or ornamental (potato, tomato, peppers, tobacco, petunia); many TOXIC.

LYCIUM

BOX THORN

Shrub 1–4 m, generally with leafy thorns, glabrous, hairy, or glandular
Leaves alternate or clustered, entire, small, fleshy
Inflorescence: clusters; flowers 1–several
Flower: calyx cylindric to bell-shaped, lobes 2–5; corolla funnel-shaped or rotate, whitish, greenish, or purplish, lobes 4–5; stamens attached at different levels in corolla
Fruit: berry, 2-chambered, dry to fleshy
Seeds 2–many
Species in genus: ± 100 species: warm, dry areas worldwide
Etymology: (Latin: Lycia, ancient country of Asia Minor)
Reference: [Hitchcock 1932 Ann Missouri Bot Gard 19:179–374]

Native

L. californicum Nutt.

Plant glabrous; branches rigidly spreading
Leaf 3–10 mm, linear to oblanceolate
Flower: calyx 3 mm, bell-shaped, lobes 2–4(5), ± 0.8 mm, widely triangular; corolla 4–6 mm, ± rotate, sometimes reflexed, white, purple-tinged, lobes = tube, ovate; stamens exserted, attached near base of tube
Fruit 3–6 mm, red, firm
Seeds 2, oblong
Ecology: Coastal bluffs, coastal-sage scrub
Elevation: < 150 m.
Bioregional distribution: s South Coast, Channel Islands
Distribution outside California: Baja California
Horticultural information: DRN, SUN: 14, 15, 16, 17, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24 &IRR: 8, 9; also STBL.
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
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bioregional map for LYCIUM%20californicum being generated
 


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