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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
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SCROPHULARIACEAE

FIGWORT FAMILY

Lawrence R. Heckard, Family Coordinator

Annual to shrubs, generally glandular, some green root-parasites
Stem generally round
Leaves generally alternate, simple, generally ± entire; stipules generally 0
Inflorescence: spike to panicle, generally bracted, or flowers 1–2 in axils
Flower bisexual; calyx lobes generally 5; corolla generally strongly bilateral, generally 2-lipped (upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower lip generally 3-lobed); stamens generally 4 in 2 pairs, generally included, a 5th (generally uppermost) sometimes present as a staminode; pistil 1, ovary superior, chambers generally 2, placentas axile, style 1, stigma lobes generally 2
Fruit: capsule, generally ± ovoid, loculicidal or septicidal
Seed: coat sculpture often characteristic
Genera in family: ± 200 genera, 3000 species: ± worldwide; some cultivated as ornamental (e.g., Antirrhinum, Mimulus, Penstemon ) or medicinal (Digitalis )
Recent taxonomic note: Recently treated to include only Buddleja, Scrophularia, and Verbascum in CA; other genera moved to Orobanchaceae (Castilleja, Cordylanthus, Orthocarpus, Pedicularis, Triphysaria), Phrymaceae (Mimulus), and Plantaginaceae (= Veronicaceae sensu Olmstead et al.)
Key to genera by Elizabeth Chase Neese & Margriet Wetherwax.

PENSTEMON

BEARDTONGUE

Noel H. Holmgren

Perennial to shrub
Leaves generally opposite, entire to toothed; upper sessile
Inflorescence: panicle or raceme; bracts generally small
Flower: calyx lobes 5, ± equal; corolla tube ± cylindric or lower side expanded, ± 2-lipped, generally pink or blue to purple (some red, yellow, or white), upper lip 2-lobed, external in bud; anther sacs 2, generally spreading ± flat at dehiscence; staminode attached near base of corolla tube, well developed, generally hairy on upper side; nectaries 2, at bases of upper stamens; stigma head-like
Fruit: capsule, septicidal and sometimes also loculicidal at tip
Seeds generally many, irregularly angled
Species in genus: 250 species: North America., especially w US
Etymology: (Latin & Greek: almost thread, from stamen-like staminode)
Reference: [Holmgren 1984 In Cronquist et al. Intermountain Flora 4:370–457]
Largest genus of flowering plants endemic to North America. See also Keckiella , Nothochelone.

Native

P. procerus Graham

Perennial 5–40 cm, generally matted, glabrous (except some lower stems)
Leaves entire; basal leaves many, oblanceolate; upper cauline leaves < basal, narrowly lanceolate to narrowly ovate
Inflorescence glabrous
Flower: calyx 1.5–4.5 mm, lobes (ob)ovate; corolla 6–10 mm, blue-purple, ± glabrous, floor whitish, white- to yellow-hairy; anther sacs 0.3–0.5 mm, widely spreading; staminode glabrous or sparsely orange-yellow-hairy
Ecology: Montane meadows to alpine barrens
Elevation: 1200–3600 m.
Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges, High North Coast Ranges, n&c High Sierra Nevada
Distribution outside California: to Alaska, Montana, Wyoming, Colorado

Native

var. brachyanthus (Pennell) Cronquist

Plant 10–40 cm
Leaves: upper 10–45 mm, 3–10 mm wide
Ecology: Habitat of sp (except alpine)
Elevation: 1200–2400 m.
Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges, High North Coast Ranges
Distribution outside California: Oregon
Synonyms: subsp. b. (Pennell) D.D. Keck
Horticultural information: DRN, IRR: 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 14, 15, 16, 17.

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bioregional map for PENSTEMON%20procerus%20var.%20brachyanthus being generated
 
YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).

Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Penstemon procerus var. brachyanthus
Retrieve dichotomous key for Penstemon
Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
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