Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
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  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

SCROPHULARIACEAE

FIGWORT FAMILY

Lawrence R. Heckard, Family Coordinator

Annual to shrubs, generally glandular, some green root-parasites
Stem generally round
Leaves generally alternate, simple, generally ± entire; stipules generally 0
Inflorescence: spike to panicle, generally bracted, or flowers 1–2 in axils
Flower bisexual; calyx lobes generally 5; corolla generally strongly bilateral, generally 2-lipped (upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower lip generally 3-lobed); stamens generally 4 in 2 pairs, generally included, a 5th (generally uppermost) sometimes present as a staminode; pistil 1, ovary superior, chambers generally 2, placentas axile, style 1, stigma lobes generally 2
Fruit: capsule, generally ± ovoid, loculicidal or septicidal
Seed: coat sculpture often characteristic
Genera in family: ± 200 genera, 3000 species: ± worldwide; some cultivated as ornamental (e.g., Antirrhinum, Mimulus, Penstemon ) or medicinal (Digitalis )
Recent taxonomic note: Recently treated to include only Buddleja, Scrophularia, and Verbascum in CA; other genera moved to Orobanchaceae (Castilleja, Cordylanthus, Orthocarpus, Pedicularis, Triphysaria), Phrymaceae (Mimulus), and Plantaginaceae (= Veronicaceae sensu Olmstead et al.)
Key to genera by Elizabeth Chase Neese & Margriet Wetherwax.

ORTHOCARPUS

T.I. Chuang and Lawrence R. Heckard

Annual, green root-parasites
Leaves sessile, entire to 3-lobed
Inflorescence: spike; bracts entire to 5-lobed, tips generally colored
Flower: calyx 4-lobed, deepest sinus in back; corolla club-shaped, upper lip beak-like, tip closed, enclosing anthers and style, lower lip shorter, ± 3-pouched, generally 3-toothed; stamens 4, anther sacs 2, unequal; style and stigma slender
Fruit loculicidal, ± ovoid, generally ± notched
Seeds generally 8–15, often ± curved, ± keeled, attached at side; coat netted or ridged, tight-fitting
Species in genus: 9 species: w North America
Etymology: (Greek: straight fruit)
Reference: [Chuang & Heckard 1992 Syst Bot 17:560–582]
Close to Cordylanthus ; other species formerly placed here are in Castilleja (Owl's-clovers) or Triphysaria (Johnny-tuck).
Horticultural information: TRY with host; DFCLT.

Native

O. pachystachyus A. Gray

SHASTA ORTHOCARPUS

Plant 10–20 cm, scabrous, sparsely soft-hairy, and (partly glandular-)puberulent
Stem simple, stout
Leaf 30–50 mm; lobes of upper leaves 3–5, ± linear
Inflorescence 5–10 cm; bracts differing abruptly from upper leaves, 20–30 mm, widely ovate, prominently net-veined, generally with 4 narrow lateral lobes below middle, central lobe ± ovate, 7–10 mm wide, upper margin pink-lavender
Flower: calyx 15–20 mm, divided 2/3 in back, 1/2 in front, 1/4 on sides; corolla 25–30 mm, ± rose above, beak ± 10 mm, ± 3 mm > lower lip, glabrous, strongly curved, tip with 1 mm hook, lower lip slightly pouched, puberulent, teeth rounded; stigma barely included
Fruit 5–7 mm
Ecology: Meadows?
Elevation: ± 850 m.
Bioregional distribution: eastern Klamath Ranges, adjacent w Cascade Range (c Siskiyou Co.).
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
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bioregional map for ORTHOCARPUS%20pachystachyus being generated
 


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