|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual to shrubs, generally glandular, some green root-parasites
Stem generally round
Leaves generally alternate, simple, generally ± entire; stipules generally 0
Inflorescence: spike to panicle, generally bracted, or flowers 12 in axils
Flower bisexual; calyx lobes generally 5; corolla generally strongly bilateral, generally 2-lipped (upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower lip generally 3-lobed); stamens generally 4 in 2 pairs, generally included, a 5th (generally uppermost) sometimes present as a staminode; pistil 1, ovary superior, chambers generally 2, placentas axile, style 1, stigma lobes generally 2
Fruit: capsule, generally ± ovoid, loculicidal or septicidal
Seed: coat sculpture often characteristic
Genera in family: ± 200 genera, 3000 species: ± worldwide; some cultivated as ornamental (e.g., Antirrhinum, Mimulus, Penstemon ) or medicinal (Digitalis )
Recent taxonomic note: Recently treated to include only Buddleja, Scrophularia, and Verbascum in CA; other genera moved to Orobanchaceae (Castilleja, Cordylanthus, Orthocarpus, Pedicularis, Triphysaria), Phrymaceae (Mimulus), and Plantaginaceae (= Veronicaceae sensu Olmstead et al.)
Key to genera by Elizabeth Chase Neese & Margriet Wetherwax.
Annual, sometimes partly submersed, with stolons
Leaves basal, erect; stipules generally present
Inflorescence scapose; flower 1
Flower: calyx bell-shaped, lobes 5, ovate, acute; corolla radial, bell-shaped, lobes 5, upper surfaces sparsely papillate; stamens 4; style generally subterminal, stigmas generally fused, head-like
Fruit elliptic to spheric, chambers 2 below, 1 above
Seeds many, minute
Species in genus: ± 15 species: worldwide
Etymology: (Latin: mud seat, from habitat)
TuftedSee the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Leaf 13 cm (petiole not differentiated), linear, awl-like to cylindric, obtuse; stipules 0 or tapered
Inflorescence: pedicels < leaves, curved in fruit
Flower: calyx lobes < to = tube; corolla ± 3 mm, lobes rounded, white to lavender-blue; stamens attached at 1 level; style > ovary, < 2 mm, head-like, straight to slightly curved, subterminal
Ecology: Muddy or sandy intertidal flats
Elevation: < 10 m.
Bioregional distribution: Deltaic Great Central Valley (Contra Costa, Sacramento cos.)
Distribution outside California: s British Columbia, native to e coast N.America, Europe
Poorly known in w North America.