Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

SCROPHULARIACEAE

FIGWORT FAMILY

Lawrence R. Heckard, Family Coordinator

Annual to shrubs, generally glandular, some green root-parasites
Stem generally round
Leaves generally alternate, simple, generally ± entire; stipules generally 0
Inflorescence: spike to panicle, generally bracted, or flowers 1–2 in axils
Flower bisexual; calyx lobes generally 5; corolla generally strongly bilateral, generally 2-lipped (upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower lip generally 3-lobed); stamens generally 4 in 2 pairs, generally included, a 5th (generally uppermost) sometimes present as a staminode; pistil 1, ovary superior, chambers generally 2, placentas axile, style 1, stigma lobes generally 2
Fruit: capsule, generally ± ovoid, loculicidal or septicidal
Seed: coat sculpture often characteristic
Genera in family: ± 200 genera, 3000 species: ± worldwide; some cultivated as ornamental (e.g., Antirrhinum, Mimulus, Penstemon ) or medicinal (Digitalis )
Recent taxonomic note: Recently treated to include only Buddleja, Scrophularia, and Verbascum in CA; other genera moved to Orobanchaceae (Castilleja, Cordylanthus, Orthocarpus, Pedicularis, Triphysaria), Phrymaceae (Mimulus), and Plantaginaceae (= Veronicaceae sensu Olmstead et al.)
Key to genera by Elizabeth Chase Neese & Margriet Wetherwax.

LIMOSELLA

MUDWORT

Margriet Wetherwax

Annual, sometimes partly submersed, with stolons
Leaves basal, erect; stipules generally present
Inflorescence scapose; flower 1
Flower: calyx bell-shaped, lobes 5, ovate, acute; corolla radial, bell-shaped, lobes 5, upper surfaces sparsely papillate; stamens 4; style generally subterminal, stigmas generally fused, head-like
Fruit elliptic to spheric, chambers 2 below, 1 above
Seeds many, minute
Species in genus: ± 15 species: worldwide
Etymology: (Latin: mud seat, from habitat)

Native

L. acaulis Sessé & Mociño

Cespitose, generally mat-forming
Leaf: 1–6 cm, 0.5–2 mm wide, flat, linear to ± spoon-shaped; petiole generally not differentiated; stipules generally ear-shaped, transparent
Inflorescence: pedicels < 2/3 leaf length, spreading in fruit
Flower: calyx lobes ± = tube; corolla 2–3 mm, white to lavender, lobes rounded; stamens attached at 1 level; style 0.5–1 mm, erect to slightly curved
Fruit 3–5 mm, spheric
Ecology: Wet, muddy places
Elevation: < 3300 m.
Bioregional distribution: High Sierra Nevada, Great Central Valley, San Francisco Bay Area, Southwestern California, Great Basin Floristic Province
Distribution outside California: to New Mexico, Mexico
Flowering time: May–Oct
Horticultural information: TRY.

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