Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
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SCROPHULARIACEAE

FIGWORT FAMILY

Lawrence R. Heckard, Family Coordinator

Annual to shrubs, generally glandular, some green root-parasites
Stem generally round
Leaves generally alternate, simple, generally ± entire; stipules generally 0
Inflorescence: spike to panicle, generally bracted, or flowers 1–2 in axils
Flower bisexual; calyx lobes generally 5; corolla generally strongly bilateral, generally 2-lipped (upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower lip generally 3-lobed); stamens generally 4 in 2 pairs, generally included, a 5th (generally uppermost) sometimes present as a staminode; pistil 1, ovary superior, chambers generally 2, placentas axile, style 1, stigma lobes generally 2
Fruit: capsule, generally ± ovoid, loculicidal or septicidal
Seed: coat sculpture often characteristic
Genera in family: ± 200 genera, 3000 species: ± worldwide; some cultivated as ornamental (e.g., Antirrhinum, Mimulus, Penstemon ) or medicinal (Digitalis )
Recent taxonomic note: Recently treated to include only Buddleja, Scrophularia, and Verbascum in CA; other genera moved to Orobanchaceae (Castilleja, Cordylanthus, Orthocarpus, Pedicularis, Triphysaria), Phrymaceae (Mimulus), and Plantaginaceae (= Veronicaceae sensu Olmstead et al.)
Key to genera by Elizabeth Chase Neese & Margriet Wetherwax.

KECKIELLA

Noel H. Holmgren

Subshrub or shrub
Stem wand-like to much-branched
Leaves drought-deciduous, ± opposite or in 3's, generally short-petioled
Inflorescence: panicle or spike-like; bracts small
Flower: calyx lobes 5, ± equal; corolla not purplish (whitish to red), short-glandular outside, upper lip hooded, lobes short, rounded, external in bud, lower lip rounded, lobes often reflexed; filaments densely nonglandular-hairy at base, anthers small, glabrous, anther sacs generally spreading flat at dehiscence; staminode well developed, glabrous to densely bearded; nectary a disk; stigma head-like
Fruit ovoid, septicidal and sometimes also loculicidal at tip
Seeds many, irregularly angled or ± winged
Species in genus: 7 species: especially CA
Etymology: (David D. Keck, CA botanist, 1903–1995)
Reference: [Straw 1966 Brittonia 18:80–95]
Segregated from Penstemon.

Native

K. cordifolia (Benth.) Straw


Stem often spreading, < 30 dm; young stems glabrous to short-hairy
Leaves ± opposite; blade 20–65 mm, ovate, base rounded, truncate, or cordate, margin generally shortly 3–11-toothed
Inflorescence glandular and stiffly hairy, generally more densely hairy than herbage
Flower: calyx 7–13 mm, lobes ± lanceolate; corolla 31–43 mm, red to reddish orange, tube 18–25 mm, throat indistinct, upper lip 11–21 mm; anther sacs 1.1–1.5 mm; staminode densely yellow-hairy, included
Chromosomes: 2n=16
Ecology: Chaparral, forest
Elevation: < 1200 m.
Bioregional distribution: s Outer South Coast Ranges, Southwestern California
Distribution outside California: n Baja California
Horticultural information: DRN, SUN: 17, 24 or part SHD: 7, 14, 15, 16, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23 &IRR: 8, 9. IRR in all zones reduces summer dormancy. A yellow-flower. variant is also grown.

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bioregional map for KECKIELLA%20cordifolia being generated
 
YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).

Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Keckiella cordifolia
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