Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
For up-to-date information about California vascular plants, visit the Jepson eFlora.

SCROPHULARIACEAE

FIGWORT FAMILY

Lawrence R. Heckard, Family Coordinator

Annual to shrubs, generally glandular, some green root-parasites
Stem generally round
Leaves generally alternate, simple, generally ± entire; stipules generally 0
Inflorescence: spike to panicle, generally bracted, or flowers 1–2 in axils
Flower bisexual; calyx lobes generally 5; corolla generally strongly bilateral, generally 2-lipped (upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower lip generally 3-lobed); stamens generally 4 in 2 pairs, generally included, a 5th (generally uppermost) sometimes present as a staminode; pistil 1, ovary superior, chambers generally 2, placentas axile, style 1, stigma lobes generally 2
Fruit: capsule, generally ± ovoid, loculicidal or septicidal
Seed: coat sculpture often characteristic
Genera in family: ± 200 genera, 3000 species: ± worldwide; some cultivated as ornamental (e.g., Antirrhinum, Mimulus, Penstemon ) or medicinal (Digitalis )
Recent taxonomic note: Recently treated to include only Buddleja, Scrophularia, and Verbascum in CA; other genera moved to Orobanchaceae (Castilleja, Cordylanthus, Orthocarpus, Pedicularis, Triphysaria), Phrymaceae (Mimulus), and Plantaginaceae (= Veronicaceae sensu Olmstead et al.)
Key to genera by Elizabeth Chase Neese & Margriet Wetherwax.

GRATIOLA

HEDGE-HYSSOP

Margriet Wetherwax

Annual, ± glandular
Stem erect or ascending
Leaves opposite, entire to dentate, sessile
Inflorescence: raceme; bractlets beneath calyx present or 0
Flower: sepals 5, generally free; corolla tube 4-angled or -sided, upper lip entire or 2-lobed, lower 3-lobed; fertile stamens 2, anther sacs of each stamen separated, parallel; stigmas 2, flat
Fruit 4-valved
Seeds many, wingless
Species in genus: ± 20 species: temp, tropical mtns
Etymology: (Latin: grace or favor, from supposed medicinal quality)

Native

G. heterosepala H. Mason & Bacig.

BOGGS LAKE HEDGE-HYSSOP


Stem < 10 cm, glabrous below, glandular-puberulent upward
Leaf < 20 mm, not clasping, truncate; lower linear-lanceolate, becoming shorter, oblong (upper 2–5 mm)
Inflorescence glandular-puberulent; pedicels 10–23 mm, slender, erect; bractlets 0
Flower: sepals 4–6 mm, unequally fused, truncate; corolla 6–8 mm, yellow (except lower 3 lobes white), lobes of upper lip ± entire; stigmas 2, lobes unequal
Fruit 4–6 mm, spheric
Ecology: Shallow water, margins of vernal pools
Elevation: < 1200 m.
Bioregional distribution: Inner North Coast Ranges, c Sierra Nevada Foothills, Sacramento Valley, Modoc Plateau.
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
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bioregional map for GRATIOLA%20heterosepala being generated
 
YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).

Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Gratiola heterosepala
Retrieve dichotomous key for Gratiola
Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
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