Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.


Caudex scaleless, bearing bulblets
Leaves basal and cauline, reduced and merging into bracts upward; blade ± round, base cordate to reniform, lobes 3–7, deep, teeth sharp
Inflorescence panicle-like; flowers few; bracts sessile, lower often clasping, leaf-like
Flower: hypanthium free from ovary; stamens 5; pistil 1, ovary superior, chambers 2, placentas 2, axile
Fruit: capsule
Species in genus: 2 species: WA, OR, CA
Etymology: (H.N. Bolander, CA botanist, 1831–1897)
Reference: [Gornall & Bohm 1985 Bot J Linn Soc 90:1–71]


S. californica Greene

Caudex generally with long slender rhizomes and bulblets
Leaf 4–10 cm; petiole 2–5 cm; blade ovate, base tapered, teeth shallow, ± round or sharp
Inflorescence 15–35 cm, often 1-sided, ± open
Flower: sepals generally reflexed, elliptic; petals 2.5–4.5 mm, >> sepals, elliptic to round; filaments widened throughout or only toward base; nectaries disk-like, lobed; ovary ± half-inferior in flower
Fruit: ± follicles
Ecology: Moist, shady places
Elevation: < 1200 m.
Bioregional distribution: California Floristic Province
Distribution outside California: sw Oregon, nw Baja California
Variable. Plants with coarse leaf-teeth, spreading sepals have been called S. fallax Greene
Horticultural information: DRN, DRY: 4, 5, 17 &SHD: 6, 7, 9, 14, 15, 16.


S. odontoloma Piper

Caudex producing rhizomes; bulblets 0
Leaf 4–40 cm; petiole 2–30 cm, base generally ± expanded, sheathing, membranous; blade ± round, base generally reniform, teeth coarse, sharp
Inflorescence 20–50 cm, open
Flower: sepals reflexed, generally ± = petals, ovate to elliptic; petals 3–4.5 mm, round to elliptic, 2-spotted, ephemeral; filaments club-shaped; nectaries band-like; ovary superior
Fruit: capsule
Chromosomes: 2n=48
Ecology: Wet meadows, ledges
Elevation: > 1500 m.
Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges, High North Coast Ranges, High Cascade Range, High Sierra Nevada, San Bernardino Mountains
Distribution outside California: to British Columbia, Montana, New Mexico
Synonyms: S. aestivalis Fisch.; S. arguta D. Don misapplied
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
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bioregional map for BOLANDRA%20californica being generated

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