Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
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Patrick E. Elvander

Perennial or subshrub from caudex or rhizome, generally ± hairy
Stem often ± leafy on lower half, rarely trailing and leafy throughout
Leaves generally simple, basal or sometimes cauline, generally alternate, generally petioled; veins ± palmate
Inflorescence: panicle, generally ± scapose
Flower generally bisexual, generally radial; hypanthium free to ± fused to ovary; calyx lobes generally 5; petals generally 5, free, generally clawed, generally white; stamens generally 5 or 10; pistils 2 and simple or 1 and compound (chambers 1–2, placentas 2–4, axile or parietal), ovary superior to inferior, sometimes more superior in fruit, styles generally 2
Fruit: 2 follicles or 2–4-valved capsule
Seeds generally many, small
Genera in family: 40 genera, 600 species: especially n temp, arctic, alpine; some cultivated (Bergenia , Darmera , Heuchera , Saxifraga , Tellima , Tolmiea )
Reference: [Soltis 1988 Syst Bot 13:64–72]



Plant glabrous; caudex without scales or bulblets
Leaves basal; blade ovate, entire, base tapered to cordate or reniform
Inflorescence: flower solitary; bract generally 1, sessile, leaf-like
Flower: hypanthium minute, free of ovary; stamens 5, staminodes 5, toothed to fringed or divided; pistil 1, ovary superior, chamber 1, placentas 4, parietal, styles inconspicuous, stigmas 4
Fruit: capsule, valves 4
Seed ± winged
Species in genus: 25 species: n temp, arctic
Etymology: (Mount Parnassus, Greece)


P. fimbriata König

Leaf 8–16 cm; blade 2–4 cm, round, base reniform
Inflorescence 10–40 cm; bract above middle of peduncle, ovate, base cordate, clasping
Flower: calyx lobes 3–6 mm, elliptic, jagged to fringed below, generally spreading to ascending; petals 7–13 mm, obovate, fringed below; staminodes 3–4 mm, lobes < 9, tips flat, round
Fruit 5–10 mm
Chromosomes: 2n=36
Ecology: Uncommon. Wet banks, meadows, rocky seeps
Elevation: < 4000 m.
Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges, n High Sierra Nevada, Warner Mountains
Distribution outside California: to Alaska, Alberta, Colorado
Horticultural information: WET, DRN, SHD: 1, 2.

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bioregional map for PARNASSIA%20fimbriata being generated
YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).

Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Parnassia fimbriata
Retrieve dichotomous key for Parnassia
Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
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