Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



Patrick E. Elvander

Perennial or subshrub from caudex or rhizome, generally ± hairy
Stem often ± leafy on lower half, rarely trailing and leafy throughout
Leaves generally simple, basal or sometimes cauline, generally alternate, generally petioled; veins ± palmate
Inflorescence: panicle, generally ± scapose
Flower generally bisexual, generally radial; hypanthium free to ± fused to ovary; calyx lobes generally 5; petals generally 5, free, generally clawed, generally white; stamens generally 5 or 10; pistils 2 and simple or 1 and compound (chambers 1–2, placentas 2–4, axile or parietal), ovary superior to inferior, sometimes more superior in fruit, styles generally 2
Fruit: 2 follicles or 2–4-valved capsule
Seeds generally many, small
Genera in family: 40 genera, 600 species: especially n temp, arctic, alpine; some cultivated (Bergenia , Darmera , Heuchera , Saxifraga , Tellima , Tolmiea )
Reference: [Soltis 1988 Syst Bot 13:64–72]



Plant glabrous; caudex without scales or bulblets
Leaves basal; blade ovate, entire, base tapered to cordate or reniform
Inflorescence: flower solitary; bract generally 1, sessile, leaf-like
Flower: hypanthium minute, free of ovary; stamens 5, staminodes 5, toothed to fringed or divided; pistil 1, ovary superior, chamber 1, placentas 4, parietal, styles inconspicuous, stigmas 4
Fruit: capsule, valves 4
Seed ± winged
Species in genus: 25 species: n temp, arctic
Etymology: (Mount Parnassus, Greece)


P. cirrata Piper

Leaf 3–18 cm; blade 1–6 cm, round-ovate, base tapered
Inflorescence 17–43 cm; bract above middle of peduncle, ovate, base cordate, clasping
Flower: calyx lobes 3–7 mm, elliptic, ± entire, reflexed in fruit; petals 8–15 mm, ovate to ± elliptic, fringed below; staminodes 3–6 mm, lobes < 15, ± equal, tips spheric
Fruit 5–13 mm
Ecology: Uncommon. Wet places
Elevation: < 3000 m.
Bioregional distribution: San Gabriel Mountains, San Bernardino Mountains
Distribution outside California: Mexico
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
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bioregional map for PARNASSIA%20cirrata being generated

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