|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Perennial, generally from slender rhizome or short caudex, carnivorous; roots poorly developed
Leaves: basal rosette, spreading to erect, modified into tubular "pitcher" sometimes containing digestive fluids
Inflorescence: flower generally 1, on long peduncle
Flower bisexual, radial, nodding; sepals generally 5, overlapping, generally clawed; petals 5 or 0; stamens many; pistil 1, ovary superior, chambers generally 5, sometimes incomplete above, placentas axile (or parietal above), style 1, entire to 46 lobed or umbrella-like, stigma terminal or under tips of style lobes
Fruit: capsule, loculicidal; valves generally 5
Seeds many, club-like, often winged
Genera in family: 3 genera, 15 species: CA, OR, e North America, n South America, especially bogs, streamsides.
Leaf tubular, curved, enlarged upward, upward-facing opening partly covered by a sometimes umbrella-like flap; hollow hood 0
Inflorescence: flower subtended by 3 bracts
Flower: sepals 5; petals 5; ovary chambers 5, style tip expanded into large, umbrella-like, peltate disk
Species in genus: 8 species: se US
Etymology: (M.S. Sarrazin, Quebec physician and collector, 16591734)
S. rubra was planted in NCo (Mendocino Co.) and may persist.
Leaves many, nearly erect, < 20 cm, widest at middle, top open or partly covered by reniform flap, with reflexed hairs on inside of flap and tube
Inflorescence 2060 cm
Flower: sepals 26 cm, ovate to rhombic, dark purple-red outside, pale green inside; petals 26 cm, obovate, tapered to a short claw, purple-red on both surfaces
Ecology: Uncommon. Seeps, marshes, bogs
Elevation: 1000 m.
Bioregional distribution: n High Sierra Nevada (Butterfly Valley, Plumas Co., perhaps eradicated at that site but possibly naturalized elsewhere)
Distribution outside California: native to e N.America
Cult as novelty. Lvs contain digestive fluids.