Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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SARRACENIACEAE

PITCHER-PLANT FAMILY

William J. Stone

Perennial, generally from slender rhizome or short caudex, carnivorous; roots poorly developed
Leaves: basal rosette, spreading to erect, modified into tubular "pitcher" sometimes containing digestive fluids
Inflorescence: flower generally 1, on long peduncle
Flower bisexual, radial, nodding; sepals generally 5, overlapping, generally clawed; petals 5 or 0; stamens many; pistil 1, ovary superior, chambers generally 5, sometimes incomplete above, placentas axile (or parietal above), style 1, entire to 4–6 lobed or umbrella-like, stigma terminal or under tips of style lobes
Fruit: capsule, loculicidal; valves generally 5
Seeds many, club-like, often winged
Genera in family: 3 genera, 15 species: CA, OR, e North America, n South America, especially bogs, streamsides.

SARRACENIA

PITCHER PLANT


Leaf tubular, curved, enlarged upward, upward-facing opening partly covered by a sometimes umbrella-like flap; hollow hood 0
Inflorescence: flower subtended by 3 bracts
Flower: sepals 5; petals 5; ovary chambers 5, style tip expanded into large, umbrella-like, peltate disk
Species in genus: 8 species: se US
Etymology: (M.S. Sarrazin, Quebec physician and collector, 1659–1734)
S. rubra was planted in NCo (Mendocino Co.) and may persist.

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