This page is based on the 1993 Jepson Manual.
Please see the Jepson eFlora for up-to-date information about California vascular plants.
|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
Print edition is available from the University of California Press
|The second edition of The Jepson Manual (2012) is available from the University of California Press|
|See also the Jepson eFlora, which parallels the Second Edition|
Annual, perennial herb, shrubs, trees, green root-parasites
Leaves entire; stipules 0
Inflorescence: generally small cymes in upper axils
Flower: calyx lobes 45 parted, fused side-to-side in bud, persistent; petals 0; stamens opposite sepals, inserted on fleshy disk; ovary superior to fully inferior, chamber 1, ovules 24, suspended from top of free-central placenta, style 1, thread-like, stigma head-like
Fruit: drupe or nut
Seed 1, spheric or ovoid
Genera in family: ± 26 genera, 250 species: generally tropical
Recent taxonomic note: Recently treated to include Viscaceae
[Angiosperm Phylogeny Group 1998 Ann Missouri Bot Gard 85:531553]
Perennial, subshrub, smooth; rhizome extensive, horizontal
Stem 740 cm, green, blue-green, or grayish, striate
Leaves alternate, ± sessile
Flower subtended by bractlet; calyx tube bell- or urn-shaped, lobes (4)5, ovate to oblong; anther base with a tuft of hair
Fruit drupe-like, crowned by persistent calyx
Species in genus: 4 species: 3 Am, 1 Eur
Etymology: (Greek: hair, man, for hairy attachment of stamens)
Reference: [Piehl 1965 Mem Torrey Bot Club 22(1):197]
Stems many from rhizome, 1040 cm, leafy, glaucous, branched
Leaf 1555 mm, lanceolate, acute to sharp-pointed, sometimes paler below
Flower 23.5 mm; sepals lanceolate to narrowly ovate, whitish; anthers ± 0.5 mm
Fruit 57.5 mm, oblong-ovoid; calyx tube sometimes forms "neck" above fruit
Ecology: Generally dry, ± rocky areas
Elevation: 3003000 m.
Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges, Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada, East of Sierra Nevada, n Mojave Desert?
Distribution outside California: to British Columbia, sw Nevada, nw Arizona
Flowering time: AprAug
Synonyms: C. californica Rydb
Intergrades with subsp. pallida (A. DC.) Piehl in OR, WA, NV, AZ
Horticultural information: TRY.
|YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).|