Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
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SANTALACEAE

SANDALWOOD FAMILY

William J. Stone

Annual, perennial herb, shrubs, trees, green root-parasites
Leaves entire; stipules 0
Inflorescence: generally small cymes in upper axils
Flower: calyx lobes 4–5 parted, fused side-to-side in bud, persistent; petals 0; stamens opposite sepals, inserted on fleshy disk; ovary superior to fully inferior, chamber 1, ovules 2–4, suspended from top of free-central placenta, style 1, thread-like, stigma head-like
Fruit: drupe or nut
Seed 1, spheric or ovoid
Genera in family: ± 26 genera, 250 species: generally tropical
Recent taxonomic note: Recently treated to include Viscaceae
[Angiosperm Phylogeny Group 1998 Ann Missouri Bot Gard 85:531–553]

COMANDRA

BASTARD TOAD-FLAX

Perennial, subshrub, smooth; rhizome extensive, horizontal
Stem 7–40 cm, green, blue-green, or grayish, striate
Leaves alternate, ± sessile
Flower subtended by bractlet; calyx tube bell- or urn-shaped, lobes (4–)5, ovate to oblong; anther base with a tuft of hair
Fruit drupe-like, crowned by persistent calyx
Seed spheric
Species in genus: 4 species: 3 Am, 1 Eur
Etymology: (Greek: hair, man, for hairy attachment of stamens)
Reference: [Piehl 1965 Mem Torrey Bot Club 22(1):1–97]

Native

C. umbellata (L.) Nutt. subsp. californica (Rydb.) Piehl

Subshrub
Stems many from rhizome, 10–40 cm, leafy, glaucous, branched
Leaf 15–55 mm, lanceolate, acute to sharp-pointed, sometimes paler below
Flower 2–3.5 mm; sepals lanceolate to narrowly ovate, whitish; anthers ± 0.5 mm
Fruit 5–7.5 mm, oblong-ovoid; calyx tube sometimes forms "neck" above fruit
Ecology: Generally dry, ± rocky areas
Elevation: 300–3000 m.
Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges, Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada, East of Sierra Nevada, n Mojave Desert?
Distribution outside California: to British Columbia, sw Nevada, nw Arizona
Flowering time: Apr–Aug
Synonyms: C. californica Rydb
Intergrades with subsp. pallida (A. DC.) Piehl in OR, WA, NV, AZ
Horticultural information: TRY.

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bioregional map for COMANDRA%20umbellata%20subsp.%20californica being generated
 
YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).

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