Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

SANTALACEAE

SANDALWOOD FAMILY

William J. Stone

Annual, perennial herb, shrubs, trees, green root-parasites
Leaves entire; stipules 0
Inflorescence: generally small cymes in upper axils
Flower: calyx lobes 4–5 parted, fused side-to-side in bud, persistent; petals 0; stamens opposite sepals, inserted on fleshy disk; ovary superior to fully inferior, chamber 1, ovules 2–4, suspended from top of free-central placenta, style 1, thread-like, stigma head-like
Fruit: drupe or nut
Seed 1, spheric or ovoid
Genera in family: ± 26 genera, 250 species: generally tropical
Recent taxonomic note: Recently treated to include Viscaceae
[Angiosperm Phylogeny Group 1998 Ann Missouri Bot Gard 85:531–553]

COMANDRA

BASTARD TOAD-FLAX

Perennial, subshrub, smooth; rhizome extensive, horizontal
Stem 7–40 cm, green, blue-green, or grayish, striate
Leaves alternate, ± sessile
Flower subtended by bractlet; calyx tube bell- or urn-shaped, lobes (4–)5, ovate to oblong; anther base with a tuft of hair
Fruit drupe-like, crowned by persistent calyx
Seed spheric
Species in genus: 4 species: 3 Am, 1 Eur
Etymology: (Greek: hair, man, for hairy attachment of stamens)
Reference: [Piehl 1965 Mem Torrey Bot Club 22(1):1–97]

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