|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Perennial, shrubs, trees, very aromatic, sometimes thorny
Leaves generally alternate, simple to pinnately compound (sometimes reduced to spines), prominently oil-gland-dotted; stipules 0
Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, or flowers solitary, generally bracted
Flower generally bisexual, generally strongly aromatic; sepals generally 5, free or fused at base, generally persistent; petals generally 5, free or fused at base, generally whitish or greenish; stamens generally 24 X petal number; ovary generally superior, generally lobed, chambers generally 45, ovules generally many
Fruit: berry, drupe, winged achene, or capsule, generally aromatic
Seeds generally oily
Genera in family: ± 150 genera, ± 1500 species: especially tropical, warm temp, especially s Africa, Australia; used or cultivated for food (Citrus , 50 species), perfume, medicine, timber, ornamental (Choisya, Skimmia , etc.).
Some TOXIC: oils may promote localized sunburn or produce dermatitis.
Subshrub or shrub
Leaf very small, ephemeral
Inflorescence: panicle (raceme-like or flowers scattered along stems)
Flower bisexual; calyx persistent, 4-lobed; petals 4, erect in flower; stamens 8, in 2 series; ovary stalked, deeply 2-lobed, style thread-like
Fruit: capsule, deeply 2-lobed, leathery, opening at tip
Species in genus: 6 species: sw North America, s Africa
Etymology: (Greek: bush odor)
Stem 36 dm, broom-like, yellowish green, thickly covered with blister-like glands, generally leafless
Flower: sepals ± 2 mm, ± round, greenish; petals 812 mm, ± elliptic, ± leathery, purplish, tip rolled out; style ± exserted, ovules 89 per chamber
Fruit: lobes ± 5 mm thick, ± spheric
Seeds 13, ± 4 mm, reniform, whitish
Ecology: Dry slopes
Elevation: < 700 m.
Bioregional distribution: Desert
Distribution outside California: to New Mexico, Mexico
Flowering time: MarMay
Horticultural information: DRN, DRY: 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 18, 19, 20, 21 &SUN: 7, 14, 15, 16, 22, 23, 24; DFCLT.