This page is based on the 1993 Jepson Manual.
Please see the Jepson eFlora for up-to-date information about California vascular plants.
|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
Print edition is available from the University of California Press
|The second edition of The Jepson Manual (2012) is available from the University of California Press|
|See also the Jepson eFlora, which parallels the Second Edition|
Perennial, shrubs, trees, very aromatic, sometimes thorny
Leaves generally alternate, simple to pinnately compound (sometimes reduced to spines), prominently oil-gland-dotted; stipules 0
Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, or flowers solitary, generally bracted
Flower generally bisexual, generally strongly aromatic; sepals generally 5, free or fused at base, generally persistent; petals generally 5, free or fused at base, generally whitish or greenish; stamens generally 24 X petal number; ovary generally superior, generally lobed, chambers generally 45, ovules generally many
Fruit: berry, drupe, winged achene, or capsule, generally aromatic
Seeds generally oily
Genera in family: ± 150 genera, ± 1500 species: especially tropical, warm temp, especially s Africa, Australia; used or cultivated for food (Citrus , 50 species), perfume, medicine, timber, ornamental (Choisya, Skimmia , etc.).
Some TOXIC: oils may promote localized sunburn or produce dermatitis.
Subshrub or shrub
Leaf very small, ephemeral
Inflorescence: panicle (raceme-like or flowers scattered along stems)
Flower bisexual; calyx persistent, 4-lobed; petals 4, erect in flower; stamens 8, in 2 series; ovary stalked, deeply 2-lobed, style thread-like
Fruit: capsule, deeply 2-lobed, leathery, opening at tip
Species in genus: 6 species: sw North America, s Africa
Etymology: (Greek: bush odor)
Stem 36 dm, broom-like, yellowish green, thickly covered with blister-like glands, generally leafless
Flower: sepals ± 2 mm, ± round, greenish; petals 812 mm, ± elliptic, ± leathery, purplish, tip rolled out; style ± exserted, ovules 89 per chamber
Fruit: lobes ± 5 mm thick, ± spheric
Seeds 13, ± 4 mm, reniform, whitish
Ecology: Dry slopes
Elevation: < 700 m.
Bioregional distribution: Desert
Distribution outside California: to New Mexico, Mexico
Flowering time: MarMay
Horticultural information: DRN, DRY: 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 18, 19, 20, 21 &SUN: 7, 14, 15, 16, 22, 23, 24; DFCLT.
|YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).|