|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Perennial, shrubs, trees, very aromatic, sometimes thorny
Leaves generally alternate, simple to pinnately compound (sometimes reduced to spines), prominently oil-gland-dotted; stipules 0
Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, or flowers solitary, generally bracted
Flower generally bisexual, generally strongly aromatic; sepals generally 5, free or fused at base, generally persistent; petals generally 5, free or fused at base, generally whitish or greenish; stamens generally 24 X petal number; ovary generally superior, generally lobed, chambers generally 45, ovules generally many
Fruit: berry, drupe, winged achene, or capsule, generally aromatic
Seeds generally oily
Genera in family: ± 150 genera, ± 1500 species: especially tropical, warm temp, especially s Africa, Australia; used or cultivated for food (Citrus , 50 species), perfume, medicine, timber, ornamental (Choisya, Skimmia , etc.).
Some TOXIC: oils may promote localized sunburn or produce dermatitis.
Leaves pinnately or ternately compound
Inflorescence: panicle or cluster, erect, terminal
Flower: petals 45, wavy to fringed; stamens 8 or 10 in 2 series; ovary chambers 45
Fruit: capsule, 45 lobed at top, sometimes indehiscent
Seeds several, angled
Species in genus: 7 species: nw Africa islands, Medit, sw Asia
Etymology: (Latin: the classical name)
Cult for ornamental, flavoring, medicine.
Plant glaucous, puberulent
Stem 48 dm
Leaf 23-pinnate, generally 1020 cm, oblong in outline; segments generally 11.5 cm, narrowly elliptic, entire
Flower: petals 68 mm, yellow, margins inrolled, fringed
Fruit: lobes pointed
Ecology: Uncommon. Disturbed places
Elevation: generally < 500 m.
Bioregional distribution: California Floristic Province (especially near coast)
Distribution outside California: native to Mediterranean
R. graveolens L. may also be naturalized (leaf ovate in outline; petal margin wavy, not fringed).