This page is based on the 1993 Jepson Manual.
Please see the Jepson eFlora for up-to-date information about California vascular plants.
|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
Print edition is available from the University of California Press
|The second edition of The Jepson Manual (2012) is available from the University of California Press|
|See also the Jepson eFlora, which parallels the Second Edition|
Plant free-floating or stranded on mud, generally 15 cm, often fan-shaped; roots pendent from stem forks, unbranchedRetrieve key for AZOLLACEAE
Stem forked repeatedly or pinnate, thread-like, easily fragmented at joints
Leaves alternate, in 2 rows, sessile, often overlapped, 0.51.5 mm, seemingly paired but actually of 2 roundish to ovate lobes; upper lobe floating or emergent, thick, greenish or reddish, margin whitish; lower lobe submersed, generally slightly larger, thinner, whitish
Sporangia in seemingly axillary cases of 2 kinds, cases generally in pairs of 1 kind
Male sporangium case 1.22 mm diam, spheric; tip dark-pointed; wall transparent; sporangia generally 20100+, long-stalked; spores 32 or 64, spheric, in generally 36 barbed masses
Female sporangium case 0.20.4 mm diam, hemispheric or spheric; tip obtuse, covered by dark, conic, spongy structures that aid in flotation; wall ± opaque; sporangium 1, sessile; spore 1, spheric
Genera in family: 1 genus, ± 7 species: ± worldwide. Salvinia molesta D.S. Mitch. has been tentatively identified from Walter's Camp, Imperial Co.; more study needed.