|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine, tree
Leaves generally opposite, entire; stipules generally on stem, sometimes leaf-like (then leaves apparently whorled and stipules considered leaves), adjacent pairs sometimes fused
Inflorescence: cyme, panicle, cluster, or flower solitary, generally terminal and ± axillary
Flower generally bisexual; calyx generally ± 4-lobed, sometimes 0; corolla generally radial, 4-lobed; stamens epipetalous, alternate corolla lobes, generally included; ovary generally inferior, chambers generally 2 or 4, style 1, ± fused if 2
Fruit: 2 or 4 nutlets or a berry, drupe, or capsule
Genera in family: ± 500 genera, 6000 species: worldwide, especially tropical; many cultivated (including Coffea , coffee; Cinchona , quinine; many ornamental)
Reference: [Dempster 1979 Fl CA 4(2):147]
Annual, perennial herb, sometimes ± shrubby, often ± dioecious, glabrous or hairy, often scabrous
Stem when young 4-angled
Leaves in whorls of 4 or more, including leaf-like stipules
Inflorescence: panicle, or axillary clusters of 1many flowers
Flower bisexual or unisexual (with sterile stamens or pistils); calyx 0; corolla generally rotate, sometimes ± bell-shaped, generally greenish, fading yellow or white, sometimes reddish, lobes generally 4; ovary 2-lobed, styles 2, ± fused basally
Fruit: 2 nutlets or 1 berry
Species in genus: ± 400 species: worldwide, especially temp
Etymology: (Greek: milk, from use of some species in its curdling)
Hairiness of ovary and fruit generally ± equal on a single plant; staminate plants often identified only by association with pistillate.
Perennial or sometimes ± woody above ground, low, tufted, or ± climbing, dioecious, ± hairy
Stem 590 cm
Leaves in whorls of 4, ± petioled, 320 mm, ovate to elliptic; tip acute to obtuse
Staminate inflorescence: clusters; flowers few
Pistillate inflorescence: flowers generally solitary in axils
Flower: corolla rotate, yellowish
Fruit: berry, ± hairy
Ecology: Moist, ± shaded sites, open slopes, forests, canyons, bluffs
Elevation: 151700 m.
Bioregional distribution: Outer North Coast Ranges, Inner North Coast Ranges, n Sierra Nevada Foothills, San Francisco Bay Area, Outer South Coast Ranges, n Channel Islands, Western Transverse Ranges, San Gabriel Mountains, San Jacinto Mountains.
Plant low, spreading mat, not woody, grayish hairySee the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Stem 516 cm
Leaf generally 46 mm, elliptic or ± obovate; tip acute, not sharp to touch
Ecology: Pine, oak forests
Elevation: 11001300 m.
Bioregional distribution: Outer South Coast Ranges (n Santa Lucia Mtns).