|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine, tree
Leaves generally opposite, entire; stipules generally on stem, sometimes leaf-like (then leaves apparently whorled and stipules considered leaves), adjacent pairs sometimes fused
Inflorescence: cyme, panicle, cluster, or flower solitary, generally terminal and ± axillary
Flower generally bisexual; calyx generally ± 4-lobed, sometimes 0; corolla generally radial, 4-lobed; stamens epipetalous, alternate corolla lobes, generally included; ovary generally inferior, chambers generally 2 or 4, style 1, ± fused if 2
Fruit: 2 or 4 nutlets or a berry, drupe, or capsule
Genera in family: ± 500 genera, 6000 species: worldwide, especially tropical; many cultivated (including Coffea , coffee; Cinchona , quinine; many ornamental)
Reference: [Dempster 1979 Fl CA 4(2):147]
Annual, perennial herb, sometimes ± shrubby, often ± dioecious, glabrous or hairy, often scabrous
Stem when young 4-angled
Leaves in whorls of 4 or more, including leaf-like stipules
Inflorescence: panicle, or axillary clusters of 1many flowers
Flower bisexual or unisexual (with sterile stamens or pistils); calyx 0; corolla generally rotate, sometimes ± bell-shaped, generally greenish, fading yellow or white, sometimes reddish, lobes generally 4; ovary 2-lobed, styles 2, ± fused basally
Fruit: 2 nutlets or 1 berry
Species in genus: ± 400 species: worldwide, especially temp
Etymology: (Greek: milk, from use of some species in its curdling)
Hairiness of ovary and fruit generally ± equal on a single plant; staminate plants often identified only by association with pistillate.
Perennial or sometimes ± woody above ground, low, tufted, or ± climbing, dioecious, ± hairy
Stem 590 cm
Leaves in whorls of 4, ± petioled, 320 mm, ovate to elliptic; tip acute to obtuse
Staminate inflorescence: clusters; flowers few
Pistillate inflorescence: flowers generally solitary in axils
Flower: corolla rotate, yellowish
Fruit: berry, ± hairy
Ecology: Moist, ± shaded sites, open slopes, forests, canyons, bluffs
Elevation: 151700 m.
Bioregional distribution: Outer North Coast Ranges, Inner North Coast Ranges, n Sierra Nevada Foothills, San Francisco Bay Area, Outer South Coast Ranges, n Channel Islands, Western Transverse Ranges, San Gabriel Mountains, San Jacinto Mountains.
Plant ± open, not woody; hairs generally dense, soft, fine, sometimes 0
Stem 730 cm
Leaf 625 mm, generally elliptic; tip obtuse or round, with short point
Ecology: Open or dense non-coastal woodlands
Elevation: 301500 m.
Bioregional distribution: Outer South Coast Ranges, n Channel Islands, Western Transverse Ranges, San Gabriel Mountains.