Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

link to manual TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993) previous taxon | next taxon
Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



Lauramay T. Dempster

Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine, tree
Leaves generally opposite, entire; stipules generally on stem, sometimes leaf-like (then leaves apparently whorled and stipules considered leaves), adjacent pairs sometimes fused
Inflorescence: cyme, panicle, cluster, or flower solitary, generally terminal and ± axillary
Flower generally bisexual; calyx generally ± 4-lobed, sometimes 0; corolla generally radial, 4-lobed; stamens epipetalous, alternate corolla lobes, generally included; ovary generally inferior, chambers generally 2 or 4, style 1, ± fused if 2
Fruit: 2 or 4 nutlets or a berry, drupe, or capsule
Genera in family: ± 500 genera, 6000 species: worldwide, especially tropical; many cultivated (including Coffea , coffee; Cinchona , quinine; many ornamental)
Reference: [Dempster 1979 Fl CA 4(2):1–47]



Annual, perennial herb, sometimes ± shrubby, often ± dioecious, glabrous or hairy, often scabrous
Stem when young 4-angled
Leaves in whorls of 4 or more, including leaf-like stipules
Inflorescence: panicle, or axillary clusters of 1–many flowers
Flower bisexual or unisexual (with sterile stamens or pistils); calyx 0; corolla generally rotate, sometimes ± bell-shaped, generally greenish, fading yellow or white, sometimes reddish, lobes generally 4; ovary 2-lobed, styles 2, ± fused basally
Fruit: 2 nutlets or 1 berry
Species in genus: ± 400 species: worldwide, especially temp
Etymology: (Greek: milk, from use of some species in its curdling)
Hairiness of ovary and fruit generally ± equal on a single plant; staminate plants often identified only by association with pistillate.


G. andrewsii A. Gray


Perennial, low, tufted, matted, dioecious, green or silvery
Stem 5–22 cm
Leaves in whorls of 4, 4–11 mm, ± bristle-like, sharp to touch, ± thick; tip with 1 persistent hair
Staminate inflorescence: few-flowered clusters
Pistillate inflorescence: flowers solitary in axils
Flower: corolla rotate, yellowish
Fruit: berry; hairs 0
Ecology: Dry slopes, ridges, chaparral, or open woodlands
Elevation: 220–2580 m.
Bioregional distribution: Inner North Coast Ranges, s Sierra Nevada Foothills, San Francisco Bay Area, South Coast Ranges, Transverse Ranges, Peninsular Ranges
Distribution outside California: Baja California
Sspp. difficult to distinguish but biologically valid.


subsp. gatense (Dempster) Dempster & Stebbins

Plant sometimes ± erect, open; a main stem apparent, sometimes hairy
Stem < 22 cm
Leaves often < internodes, often lanceolate, flat, sometimes spreading
Chromosomes: 2n=88
Ecology: Dry, rocky places in serpentine soil, chaparral or open oak/pine woodland
Elevation: 220–1450 m.
Bioregional distribution: San Francisco Bay Area, Inner South Coast Ranges
Synonyms: var. g. Dempster
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
previous taxon | next taxon
bioregional map for GALIUM%20andrewsii%20subsp.%20gatense being generated

Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Galium andrewsii subsp. gatense
Retrieve dichotomous key for Galium
Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
Show other taxa with the same California distribution | Read about bioregions | Get lists of plants in a bioregion
Return to the Jepson Interchange main page
Return to treatment index page

University & Jepson Herbaria Home Page |
General Information | University Herbarium | Jepson Herbarium |
Visiting the Herbaria | On-line Resources | Research |
Education | Related Sites
Copyright © by the Regents of the University of California