|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual to tree
Leaves simple to pinnately to palmately compound, generally alternate; stipules free to fused, persistent to deciduous
Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, or flowers solitary
Flower generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium free or fused to ovary, saucer- to funnel-shaped, often with bractlets alternate with sepals; sepals generally 5; petals generally 5, free; stamens (0)5many, pistils (0)1many, simple or compound; ovary superior to inferior, styles 15
Fruit: achene, follicle, drupe, pome, or blackberry- to raspberry-like
Seeds generally 15
Genera in family: 110 genera, ± 3000 species: worldwide, especially temp. Many cultivated for ornamental and fruit, especially Cotoneaster , Fragaria , Malus , Prunus , Pyracantha, Rosa , and Rubus
Reference: [Robertson 1974 J Arnold Arbor 55:303332,344401,611662]
Family description, key to genera by Barbara Ertter and Dieter H. Wilken.
Shrub or tree
Leaves odd-1-pinnate in CA, petioled, deciduous; leaflets generally toothed, terminal sometimes partly fused to uppermost lateral(s)
Inflorescence: panicle, many-flowered
Flower: sepals 5; petals 5; stamens 1520; ovary generally inferior, styles generally free
Fruit: pome; chambers 15, 12-seeded
Species in genus: ± 80 species: n temp
Etymology: (Latin: ancient name)
Reference: [Jones 1939 J Arnold Arbor 20:143]
Intergrading: native species might all = S. sitchensis.
Shrub 15 m; stem-buds 715 mm, sticky, hairs generally sparse, ± marginal, whitish
Leaf: leaflets 913, 27 cm, lanceolate, oblong, or ovate
Inflorescence: pedicel sparsely hairy
Flower: petals 56 mm, ovate to ± round
Fruit 810 mm, orange to bright red
Seeds 3.54 mm, ovate to oblong, flat, brown
Ecology: Canyons, wooded slopes, moist places, coniferous forests
Elevation: 12002800 m.
Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges, North Coast Ranges, Cascade Range, High Sierra Nevada, Modoc Plateau
Distribution outside California: to British Columbia, Montana, New Mexico
Leaf: leaflets 911, 2.57 cm, 13 cm wide, generally oblong (ovate); stipules often ± persistent
Flower: petals ± round
Fruit bright red
Seeds ± 4 mm, ovate, dark brown
Ecology: Habitats of sp.
Elevation: 12002100 m.
Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges, n North Coast Ranges, Cascade Range, n High Sierra Nevada, Modoc Plateau
Distribution outside California: to British Columbia
Synonyms: S. c. G.N. Jones
Horticultural information: IRR, DRN: 1, 4, 5, 6, 15, 16 &SHD: 2, 7; DFCLT.