Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

link to manual TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993) previous taxon | next taxon
Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



Annual to tree
Leaves simple to pinnately to palmately compound, generally alternate; stipules free to fused, persistent to deciduous
Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, or flowers solitary
Flower generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium free or fused to ovary, saucer- to funnel-shaped, often with bractlets alternate with sepals; sepals generally 5; petals generally 5, free; stamens (0)5–many, pistils (0)1–many, simple or compound; ovary superior to inferior, styles 1–5
Fruit: achene, follicle, drupe, pome, or blackberry- to raspberry-like
Seeds generally 1–5
Genera in family: 110 genera, ± 3000 species: worldwide, especially temp. Many cultivated for ornamental and fruit, especially Cotoneaster , Fragaria , Malus , Prunus , Pyracantha, Rosa , and Rubus
Reference: [Robertson 1974 J Arnold Arbor 55:303–332,344–401,611–662]
Family description, key to genera by Barbara Ertter and Dieter H. Wilken.



Thomas J. Rosatti

Shrub or tree
Leaves odd-1-pinnate in CA, petioled, deciduous; leaflets generally toothed, terminal sometimes partly fused to uppermost lateral(s)
Inflorescence: panicle, many-flowered
Flower: sepals 5; petals 5; stamens 15–20; ovary generally inferior, styles generally free
Fruit: pome; chambers 1–5, 1–2-seeded
Species in genus: ± 80 species: n temp
Etymology: (Latin: ancient name)
Reference: [Jones 1939 J Arnold Arbor 20:1–43]
Intergrading: native species might all = S. sitchensis.


S. californica Greene

Shrub 1–2 m; stem-buds 3–8(11) mm, sticky, hairs generally sparse, marginal, red-brown
Leaf: leaflets 7–9 (11), 2–4 cm, 1–2.5 cm wide, oblong-ovate
Inflorescence: pedicel glabrous
Flower: petals 3–4 mm, ± round
Fruit 7–10 mm, bright red
Seeds ± 4 mm, ovate, barely flat, light brown
Ecology: Moist coniferous forests
Elevation: 1500–3400 m.
Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges, High North Coast Ranges, Cascade Range, High Sierra Nevada, San Francisco Bay Area, Warner Mountains?
Distribution outside California: w Nevada
Intergrades with S. scopulina
Horticultural information: IRR, DRN, SHD: 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 15, 16; DFCLT.

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