This page is based on the 1993 Jepson Manual.
Please see the Jepson eFlora for up-to-date information about California vascular plants.
|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
Print edition is available from the University of California Press
|The second edition of The Jepson Manual (2012) is available from the University of California Press|
|See also the Jepson eFlora, which parallels the Second Edition|
Annual to tree
Leaves simple to pinnately to palmately compound, generally alternate; stipules free to fused, persistent to deciduous
Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, or flowers solitary
Flower generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium free or fused to ovary, saucer- to funnel-shaped, often with bractlets alternate with sepals; sepals generally 5; petals generally 5, free; stamens (0)5many, pistils (0)1many, simple or compound; ovary superior to inferior, styles 15
Fruit: achene, follicle, drupe, pome, or blackberry- to raspberry-like
Seeds generally 15
Genera in family: 110 genera, ± 3000 species: worldwide, especially temp. Many cultivated for ornamental and fruit, especially Cotoneaster , Fragaria , Malus , Prunus , Pyracantha, Rosa , and Rubus
Reference: [Robertson 1974 J Arnold Arbor 55:303332,344401,611662]
Family description, key to genera by Barbara Ertter and Dieter H. Wilken.
Shrub to vine, often thicket-forming, generally prickly
Leaves generally odd-pinnately compound; stipules generally attached to petiole, generally gland-margined
Inflorescence: generally ± cyme or flowers solitary
Flower: hypanthium urn-shaped; bractlets 0; sepals 5, often with long expanded tip; petals generally 5 (except cultivars), generally pink in CA (white to red or yellow); stamens generally > 20; pistils generally many, ovaries superior, jointed to generally hairy styles
Fruit: bony achenes enclosed in fleshy, generally reddish hypanthium (hip)
Species in genus: 100+ species: generally n temp
Etymology: (Latin: ancient name)
Spp. hybridize freely; other non-natives established locally.
Loose shrub ± 520 dm
Stem grayish brown; prickles fewmany, slender, ± straight
Leaf: leaflets glabrous; terminal leaflet ± 1030 mm, ± widely elliptic, tip ± obtuse, margins ± double-toothed, glandular
Inflorescence 1(3)-flowered; pedicels generally ± 1530 mm, generally stalked-glandular
Flower: hypanthium generally 23 mm wide at flower, glabrous, neck ± 2 mm wide; sepals glandular or not, entire, tip generally << body, entire; petals generally ± 10 mm; pistils < 10
Fruit 512 mm wide; neck and sepals deciduous
Ecology: Common. Generally in forests, scrub
Elevation: 302000 m.
Bioregional distribution: Northwestern California, Cascade Range, n&c Sierra Nevada, Central Western California, Peninsular Ranges, Modoc Plateau
Distribution outside California: to British Columbia, Montana
Plants of c PR, nwNW need further study
Horticultural information: part SHD, DRN: 4, 5, 6, 15, 16, 17 &IRR: 1, 2, 7, 8, 9, 14, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24.
|YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).|