|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual to tree
Leaves simple to pinnately to palmately compound, generally alternate; stipules free to fused, persistent to deciduous
Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, or flowers solitary
Flower generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium free or fused to ovary, saucer- to funnel-shaped, often with bractlets alternate with sepals; sepals generally 5; petals generally 5, free; stamens (0)5many, pistils (0)1many, simple or compound; ovary superior to inferior, styles 15
Fruit: achene, follicle, drupe, pome, or blackberry- to raspberry-like
Seeds generally 15
Genera in family: 110 genera, ± 3000 species: worldwide, especially temp. Many cultivated for ornamental and fruit, especially Cotoneaster , Fragaria , Malus , Prunus , Pyracantha, Rosa , and Rubus
Reference: [Robertson 1974 J Arnold Arbor 55:303332,344401,611662]
Family description, key to genera by Barbara Ertter and Dieter H. Wilken.
Annual to shrub; odor resinous or 0
Leaves generally basal, odd-1-pinnate to 1-palmate or 1-ternate; leaflets ± toothed or lobed, terminal generally ± = lateral
Inflorescence: cyme, generally ± open; pedicels generally ± straight
Flower: hypanthium ± shallow; bractlets 5; sepals generally 5, ± triangular; petals generally 5, generally = or > sepals, generally ± widely obcordate, generally yellow; stamens generally 20; pistils generally many, styles generally jointed near tip
Species in genus: 200500 species: n temp
Etymology: (Latin: diminutive of powerful, for reputed medicinal value)
Reference: [Clausen, Keck, & Hiesey 1940 Carn Inst Wash Pub 520:26195]
P. anglica Laicharding is a waif from cultivated: stem trailing; pedicels 28 cm, slender; sepals and petals generally 4; leaflets 35.
Plant tufted from short, thick rhizome; glands generally 0 or hidden
Stem ± ascending, generally 20100 cm, strigose to spreading-hairy
Leaves palmate; basal generally 630 cm, leaflets generally 57, central leaflet ± oblanceolate, toothed or lobed ± throughout, hairy especially below
Flower: hypanthium generally 35 mm wide; petals generally 410 mm; filaments 1.52.5 mm, anthers 0.61.6 mm; styles 1.52 mm, slender
Fruit 11.5 mm, smooth, light brown
Ecology: Common. Meadows, open forests
Elevation: 1203500 m.
Bioregional distribution: Northwestern California (except sw), Cascade Range, High Sierra Nevada, Tehachapi Mountain Area, Transverse Ranges, Peninsular Ranges, Great Basin Floristic Province
Distribution outside California: w N.America
Variation complex; many but not all plants are assignable to the following extremes.
Hairs generally spreading
Stem generally 4090 cm
Leaves: basal central leaflet 3070 mm, generally tomentose below, ± glabrous and dark above, toothed ± 1/2 to midvein
Flower: petals 710 mm
Elevation: 1201100 m.
Bioregional distribution: nw Klamath Ranges, n Outer North Coast Ranges
Distribution outside California: to British Columbia
Horticultural information: DRN, IRR: 7, 14, 15, 16, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24 &SUN: 4, 5, 6, 17.