|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
previous taxon |
Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual to tree
Leaves simple to pinnately to palmately compound, generally alternate; stipules free to fused, persistent to deciduous
Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, or flowers solitary
Flower generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium free or fused to ovary, saucer- to funnel-shaped, often with bractlets alternate with sepals; sepals generally 5; petals generally 5, free; stamens (0)5many, pistils (0)1many, simple or compound; ovary superior to inferior, styles 15
Fruit: achene, follicle, drupe, pome, or blackberry- to raspberry-like
Seeds generally 15
Genera in family: 110 genera, ± 3000 species: worldwide, especially temp. Many cultivated for ornamental and fruit, especially Cotoneaster , Fragaria , Malus , Prunus , Pyracantha, Rosa , and Rubus
Reference: [Robertson 1974 J Arnold Arbor 55:303332,344401,611662]
Family description, key to genera by Barbara Ertter and Dieter H. Wilken.
Perennial, glandular; odor resinous
Leaves generally basal, odd-1-pinnate, generally ± cylindric; cauline reduced; leaflets generally overlapped, generally divided ± to base
Flower: hypanthium shallow or deep; bractlets (0)5, generally < sepals; sepals generally 5; petals generally 5, acute to rounded; stamens generally < or = 20; pistils 1many, ovaries superior, style jointed below fruit tip, base ± rough-thickened
Species in genus: 30 species: w North America
Etymology: (E. Ives, Yale Univ. pharmacologist, 17791861)
Reference: [Ertter 1989 Syst Bot 14:231244]
Lf and leaflet data are for basal leaves.
Plants hanging clumps, greenSee the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Stem 1020 cm
Leaf generally 512 cm, flat; sheathing bases glabrous; leaflets 23 per side, separated, 520 mm, ± round, evenly toothed or lobed < 1/2 to base, cauline leaves 02
Inflorescence open, fewmany-flowered; pedicels 530 mm, generally ± S-shaped in fruit
Flower 510 mm wide; hypanthium length < 1/2 width; bractlets generally 0; petals 23 mm, narrowly oblanceolate, yellow, < sepals; stamens 510; pistils 410
Fruit 1.52 mm, ± ridged, pale
Ecology: Granite crevices
Elevation: 14002100 m.
Bioregional distribution: e Desert Mountains (Kingston Mtns)
Flowering time: Jun, Oct
Synonyms: Potentilla p. J.T. Howell, Kingston Mtns cinquefoil