|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual to tree
Leaves simple to pinnately to palmately compound, generally alternate; stipules free to fused, persistent to deciduous
Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, or flowers solitary
Flower generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium free or fused to ovary, saucer- to funnel-shaped, often with bractlets alternate with sepals; sepals generally 5; petals generally 5, free; stamens (0)5many, pistils (0)1many, simple or compound; ovary superior to inferior, styles 15
Fruit: achene, follicle, drupe, pome, or blackberry- to raspberry-like
Seeds generally 15
Genera in family: 110 genera, ± 3000 species: worldwide, especially temp. Many cultivated for ornamental and fruit, especially Cotoneaster , Fragaria , Malus , Prunus , Pyracantha, Rosa , and Rubus
Reference: [Robertson 1974 J Arnold Arbor 55:303332,344401,611662]
Family description, key to genera by Barbara Ertter and Dieter H. Wilken.
Perennial, glandular; odor resinous
Leaves generally basal, odd-1-pinnate, generally ± cylindric; cauline reduced; leaflets generally overlapped, generally divided ± to base
Flower: hypanthium shallow or deep; bractlets (0)5, generally < sepals; sepals generally 5; petals generally 5, acute to rounded; stamens generally < or = 20; pistils 1many, ovaries superior, style jointed below fruit tip, base ± rough-thickened
Species in genus: 30 species: w North America
Etymology: (E. Ives, Yale Univ. pharmacologist, 17791861)
Reference: [Ertter 1989 Syst Bot 14:231244]
Lf and leaflet data are for basal leaves.
Plant rosetted, green; caudex generally simple
Stem decumbent to erect, 330 cm
Leaf 115 cm; sheathing bases ciliate; leaflets 1035 per side, overlapped but distinct, lobes 410, 18 mm, oblanceolate to round; cauline leaf generally 1
Inflorescence: cluster generally 1, 1020 mm wide, ± dense or head-like, generally < 15-flowered; pedicels generally < 5 mm, straight
Flower 815 mm wide; hypanthium length ± < width; petals 25 mm, ± obovate, yellow, > sepals; stamens 5; pistils generally 515
Fruit 11.5 mm, smooth, pale
Ecology: Wet meadows to alpine rocks
Elevation: 23004000 m.
Bioregional distribution: High Sierra Nevada, n East of Sierra Nevada, White and Inyo Mountains.Sspp. intergrade.
Stem 315 cm
Leaf 17 cm; lobes ± 1 mm, ± round, ± glabrous, bristle-tip generally 0
Flower: hypanthium length ± 1/2 width; petals 23 mm, generally < 2 mm wide, obovate; filaments ± 1 mm; styles 12 mm
Ecology: Rocky areas
Elevation: 30004000 m.
Bioregional distribution: n&c High Sierra Nevada, n East of Sierra Nevada (Sweetwater Mtns)
Flowering time: JulAug
Horticultural information: DRN, IRR, SUN: 1, 16, 17; DFCLT.