Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



Annual to tree
Leaves simple to pinnately to palmately compound, generally alternate; stipules free to fused, persistent to deciduous
Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, or flowers solitary
Flower generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium free or fused to ovary, saucer- to funnel-shaped, often with bractlets alternate with sepals; sepals generally 5; petals generally 5, free; stamens (0)5–many, pistils (0)1–many, simple or compound; ovary superior to inferior, styles 1–5
Fruit: achene, follicle, drupe, pome, or blackberry- to raspberry-like
Seeds generally 1–5
Genera in family: 110 genera, ± 3000 species: worldwide, especially temp. Many cultivated for ornamental and fruit, especially Cotoneaster , Fragaria , Malus , Prunus , Pyracantha, Rosa , and Rubus
Reference: [Robertson 1974 J Arnold Arbor 55:303–332,344–401,611–662]
Family description, key to genera by Barbara Ertter and Dieter H. Wilken.


Barbara Ertter

Perennial, tufted, ± glandular; odor ± resinous
Stem ascending to erect, 15–50 cm
Leaves generally basal, odd-pinnately compound; leaflets many, ± overlapped, toothed to palmately divided, segments ± oblanceolate
Inflorescence: ± cyme; pedicels straight
Flower: hypanthium cup-like, flat-bottomed; bractlets 5; sepals 5, often reflexed; petals 5, white or pinkish, midvein often reddish; stamens 20, filaments ± flat, often an erect tube; pistils many, ovaries superior, style jointed below fruit tip, ± rough, thick
Fruit: achene, ± 1.5 mm
Species in genus: 2 species: CA
Etymology: (Latin: small Horkelia )
Fl ± like that of Horkelia.


H. purpurascens (S. Watson) Rydb.

Plant often grayish, often not sticky
Leaves: basal generally 7–17 cm, leaflets 15–30 per side, generally 3–10 mm, lobes generally < 5; cauline 2–4
Inflorescence open at least in fruit; pedicels 1–15 mm
Flower 10–15 mm wide; sepals 3–6 mm; petals 3–7 mm, ± oblanceolate; anthers 0.5–1 mm, filaments 1–2.5 mm, central shortest; style ± 3–4 mm
Ecology: Partial shade at granitic meadow edges in conifer forest
Elevation: 1400–2900 m.
Bioregional distribution: s High Sierra Nevada (w slope)
Synonyms: Ivesia p. (S. Watson) D.D. Keck subsp. p
Horticultural information: DRN, IRR: 15, 16, 17 &partSHD: 1, 2, 3, 7.

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