|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual to tree
Leaves simple to pinnately to palmately compound, generally alternate; stipules free to fused, persistent to deciduous
Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, or flowers solitary
Flower generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium free or fused to ovary, saucer- to funnel-shaped, often with bractlets alternate with sepals; sepals generally 5; petals generally 5, free; stamens (0)5many, pistils (0)1many, simple or compound; ovary superior to inferior, styles 15
Fruit: achene, follicle, drupe, pome, or blackberry- to raspberry-like
Seeds generally 15
Genera in family: 110 genera, ± 3000 species: worldwide, especially temp. Many cultivated for ornamental and fruit, especially Cotoneaster , Fragaria , Malus , Prunus , Pyracantha, Rosa , and Rubus
Reference: [Robertson 1974 J Arnold Arbor 55:303332,344401,611662]
Family description, key to genera by Barbara Ertter and Dieter H. Wilken.
Perennial, generally ± glandular, generally resinous-smelling; caudex generally branched
Stem generally ascending to erect
Leaves generally basal, odd-1-pinnate, generally ± flat; cauline alternate, reduced upward; uppermost lateral leaflets generally ± fused with terminal
Inflorescence: cyme, open or of dense clusters; pedicels generally straight
Flower: hypanthium a ± flat-bottomed cup, width ± 2 X length; bractlets 5, generally 2/3 sepals; sepals 5, often reflexed; petals 5, generally ± = sepals, blunt, white; stamens 10, filaments flat, often forming a tube; pistils 2many, ovaries superior, styles jointed below fruit tip, ± thicker at base
Species in genus: 19 species: w North America
Etymology: (J. Horkel, German plant physiologist, 17691846)
Data apply to basal leaves, pressed hypanthia.
Plant loosely matted, generally ± greenSee the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Stem < 40 cm; hairs ± spreading
Leaf 515 cm, often ± cylindric; leaflets generally 815 per side, ± crowded, 310 mm, divided > 1/2 to base into 38 linear to oblanceolate lobes, hairs sparse to dense
Inflorescence dense or ± open, fewmany-flowered; pedicels generally 16 mm
Flower: hypanthium width 34.5 mm, > 2 X length, inner wall ± hairy; bractlets 0.51 mm wide, linear-lanceolate; sepals 35 mm; petals ± 4 mm, oblanceolate; filaments ± 1.52 mm, bases ± 0.5 mm wide, anthers ± 0.5 mm; pistils 1025, styles ± 2 mm
Fruit ± 1.5 mm
Ecology: UNCOMMON. ± sandy soils, open chaparral
Elevation: 50500 m.
Bioregional distribution: c&s North Coast, c&s Outer North Coast Ranges, nw San Francisco Bay Area
Horticultural information: DRN, IRR: 5, 7, 14, 15, 16, 17, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24; GRCVR.