Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



Annual to tree
Leaves simple to pinnately to palmately compound, generally alternate; stipules free to fused, persistent to deciduous
Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, or flowers solitary
Flower generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium free or fused to ovary, saucer- to funnel-shaped, often with bractlets alternate with sepals; sepals generally 5; petals generally 5, free; stamens (0)5–many, pistils (0)1–many, simple or compound; ovary superior to inferior, styles 1–5
Fruit: achene, follicle, drupe, pome, or blackberry- to raspberry-like
Seeds generally 1–5
Genera in family: 110 genera, ± 3000 species: worldwide, especially temp. Many cultivated for ornamental and fruit, especially Cotoneaster , Fragaria , Malus , Prunus , Pyracantha, Rosa , and Rubus
Reference: [Robertson 1974 J Arnold Arbor 55:303–332,344–401,611–662]
Family description, key to genera by Barbara Ertter and Dieter H. Wilken.


Barbara Ertter

Perennial, generally ± glandular, generally resinous-smelling; caudex generally branched
Stem generally ascending to erect
Leaves generally basal, odd-1-pinnate, generally ± flat; cauline alternate, reduced upward; uppermost lateral leaflets generally ± fused with terminal
Inflorescence: cyme, open or of dense clusters; pedicels generally straight
Flower: hypanthium a ± flat-bottomed cup, width ± 2 X length; bractlets 5, generally 2/3 sepals; sepals 5, often reflexed; petals 5, generally ± = sepals, blunt, white; stamens 10, filaments flat, often forming a tube; pistils 2–many, ovaries superior, styles jointed below fruit tip, ± thicker at base
Fruit: achene
Species in genus: 19 species: w North America
Etymology: (J. Horkel, German plant physiologist, 1769–1846)
Data apply to basal leaves, pressed hypanthia.


H. daucifolia (Greene) Rydb.

Plant rosetted, ± grayish; caudex generally simple; odor indistinct
Stem 15–30 cm; hairs ± 2 mm at stem base
Leaf 5–15 cm; leaflets 5–10 per side, ± crowded, 5–25 mm, divided > 3/4 to base into 2–6 linear to oblanceolate lobes, hairs many
Inflorescence dense to open, ± flat-topped, 5–25-flowered; pedicels generally 3–9 mm
Flower: hypanthium width 3.5–5 mm, > 2 X length; bractlets ± 0.5 mm wide, linear; sepals 4–6 mm; petals 4–6 mm, ± obovate, cream drying yellowish; filaments 1–2.5 mm, bases 0.5–1.5 mm wide, anthers ± 0.7 mm; pistils 5–15, styles 2.5–4 mm
Fruit ± 2.5 mm
Ecology: Dry open places, often on serpentine clay
Elevation: 500–1650 m.
Bioregional distribution: w Klamath Ranges, High Cascade Range (especially Shasta, Scott valleys), n Inner North Coast Ranges?
Distribution outside California: sw Oregon
Synonyms: subsp. latior D.D. Keck
Potentilla d. Greene var. indicta Jeps. (Tehama Co.) resembles OR phase, which may be distinct
Horticultural information: TRY.

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