|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual to tree
Leaves simple to pinnately to palmately compound, generally alternate; stipules free to fused, persistent to deciduous
Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, or flowers solitary
Flower generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium free or fused to ovary, saucer- to funnel-shaped, often with bractlets alternate with sepals; sepals generally 5; petals generally 5, free; stamens (0)5many, pistils (0)1many, simple or compound; ovary superior to inferior, styles 15
Fruit: achene, follicle, drupe, pome, or blackberry- to raspberry-like
Seeds generally 15
Genera in family: 110 genera, ± 3000 species: worldwide, especially temp. Many cultivated for ornamental and fruit, especially Cotoneaster , Fragaria , Malus , Prunus , Pyracantha, Rosa , and Rubus
Reference: [Robertson 1974 J Arnold Arbor 55:303332,344401,611662]
Family description, key to genera by Barbara Ertter and Dieter H. Wilken.
Perennial, generally ± glandular, generally resinous-smelling; caudex generally branched
Stem generally ascending to erect
Leaves generally basal, odd-1-pinnate, generally ± flat; cauline alternate, reduced upward; uppermost lateral leaflets generally ± fused with terminal
Inflorescence: cyme, open or of dense clusters; pedicels generally straight
Flower: hypanthium a ± flat-bottomed cup, width ± 2 X length; bractlets 5, generally 2/3 sepals; sepals 5, often reflexed; petals 5, generally ± = sepals, blunt, white; stamens 10, filaments flat, often forming a tube; pistils 2many, ovaries superior, styles jointed below fruit tip, ± thicker at base
Species in genus: 19 species: w North America
Etymology: (J. Horkel, German plant physiologist, 17691846)
Data apply to basal leaves, pressed hypanthia.
Plant matted, green or grayish
Stem generally 2070 cm
Leaf generally 1030 cm; leaflets 512 per side, ± separated, generally 1025 mm, ± = terminal, ± elliptic, pinnately veined, evenly ± 1015-toothed generally < 1/3 to midvein, ± glabrous to densely hairy
Inflorescence open, of severalmany separate flowers or < 10-flowered clusters; pedicels generally 130 mm
Flower: hypanthium width 47 mm, > 2 X length; bractlets ± 2 mm wide, ovate; sepals 46 mm; petals 48 mm, 1.54 mm wide, ± oblanceolate to obovate; filaments 13 mm, bases 0.52 mm wide, anthers ± 1 mm; pistils generally 3060, styles generally 23 mm
Fruit 1.51.8 mm
Ecology: Old dunes, open chaparral
Elevation: < 700 m.
Bioregional distribution: Central Coast, Outer South Coast Ranges, South Coast.Sspp. intergrade.
Hairs dense, ± nonglandular, often appressedSee the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Inflorescence dense to ± open; clusters severalmany, several-flowered; pedicels generally 112 mm
Flower: hypanthium inner rim very hairy; filament bases 0.51 mm wide
Ecology: Old dunes, coastal sandhills
Elevation: generally < 200 m.
Bioregional distribution: Central Coast.Remaining plants less distinct from subsp. cuneata than those formerly near San Francisco. Threatened by coastal development
Horticultural information: In cultivation.