|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual to tree
Leaves simple to pinnately to palmately compound, generally alternate; stipules free to fused, persistent to deciduous
Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, or flowers solitary
Flower generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium free or fused to ovary, saucer- to funnel-shaped, often with bractlets alternate with sepals; sepals generally 5; petals generally 5, free; stamens (0)5many, pistils (0)1many, simple or compound; ovary superior to inferior, styles 15
Fruit: achene, follicle, drupe, pome, or blackberry- to raspberry-like
Seeds generally 15
Genera in family: 110 genera, ± 3000 species: worldwide, especially temp. Many cultivated for ornamental and fruit, especially Cotoneaster , Fragaria , Malus , Prunus , Pyracantha, Rosa , and Rubus
Reference: [Robertson 1974 J Arnold Arbor 55:303332,344401,611662]
Family description, key to genera by Barbara Ertter and Dieter H. Wilken.
Shrub, ± hairy
Stem 360 dm; bark reddish, in age gray, shredding
Leaves simple, alternate, 0.312 cm, thin to leathery, toothed; base truncate to generally ± wedge-shaped; lower surface strongly veined; stipules 0; petiole distinct or not
Inflorescence: panicle, ± terminal, dense, 2.525 cm, ± conic, many-flowered, persistent; pedicel slender, bractlets 13
Flower: hypanthium 35 mm wide, saucer-shaped, prominent nectary-disk below inner rim; sepals 5, 12 mm; petals 5, 1.52 mm, ± ovate, generally white; stamens 1520, wider at base; pistils 5, ovaries superior, 2-ovuled, hairs dense, bristle-like, persistent in fruit, style 1 mm, persistent, stigma ± 2-lobed
Fruit: achenes 5, 11.5 mm, often with sessile glands
Species in genus: 5 species: w North America, C.Am, n South America
Etymology: (Greek: whole disk)
Spp. highly variable; leaves of peg-like stems best for identification; complexity in c SNH evidently from local climatic variation, hybridization.
Plant 0.31 m, ± dense
Stem: peg-like stems very predominant
Leaves of peg-like stems generally 0.32 cm, obovate, others 13 cm, ovate to ± round; teeth of 1 size, those of leaves on peg-like stems near tip, rarely to middle, those of others generally to middle; petiole generally indistinct, winged or not
Inflorescence generally mixed with leaves, 28 cm, 1.55 cm wide
Flower: sepal lower surface glabrous to densely short- to long-hairy, upper surface glabrous
Ecology: Rocky places, outcrops
Elevation: 6004000 m.
Bioregional distribution: High North Coast Ranges, High Sierra Nevada (27004000 m), San Gabriel Mountains (18003300 m), San Bernardino Mountains, San Jacinto Mountains, Great Basin Floristic Province, Desert Mountains
Distribution outside California: to Oregon, Idaho, Wyoming, Colorado, Arizona, Baja California
Lvs of peg-like stems from plants of wet places more often ovate to round than obovate.
Stem glabrous to puberulent; glands 0 or generally not obscured by hairs
Leaf glabrous to puberulent on both surfaces; hairs much longer on margins and veins; glands not obscured by hairs
Flower: sepals glabrous to puberulent, glandular
Ecology: Habitats of sp.
Elevation: 6002900 m.
Bioregional distribution: High North Coast Ranges (Mendocino Co.), Modoc Plateau
Distribution outside California: to Oregon, Utah
Horticultural information: TRY.