|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
For up-to-date information about California vascular plants, visit the Jepson eFlora.
Annual to tree
Leaves simple to pinnately to palmately compound, generally alternate; stipules free to fused, persistent to deciduous
Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, or flowers solitary
Flower generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium free or fused to ovary, saucer- to funnel-shaped, often with bractlets alternate with sepals; sepals generally 5; petals generally 5, free; stamens (0)5many, pistils (0)1many, simple or compound; ovary superior to inferior, styles 15
Fruit: achene, follicle, drupe, pome, or blackberry- to raspberry-like
Seeds generally 15
Genera in family: 110 genera, ± 3000 species: worldwide, especially temp. Many cultivated for ornamental and fruit, especially Cotoneaster , Fragaria , Malus , Prunus , Pyracantha, Rosa , and Rubus
Reference: [Robertson 1974 J Arnold Arbor 55:303332,344401,611662]
Family description, key to genera by Barbara Ertter and Dieter H. Wilken.
Species in genus: 1 sp
Etymology: (Greek: different apple)
Shrub or small tree generally < 5 m
Stem: trunk bark grayish; twigs puberulent
Leaves simple, evergreen, short-petioled; blade 411 cm, elliptic to oblong, leathery, sharply toothed, shiny dark green above, dull and paler below
Inflorescence: panicle, terminal, ± open, flat-topped; flowers many
Flower: hypanthium 23 mm, ± obconic; sepals 12 mm; petals 24 mm, white; stamens 10 in pairs opposite sepals; pistil 1, ovary ± inferior, 23-chambered, styles 23
Fruit: pome, 510 mm diam, bright red, pulp mealy
Seeds 36, compressed, brown
Ecology: Chaparral, oak woodland, mixed-evergreen forest
Elevation: < 1300 m.
Bioregional distribution: California Floristic Province
Distribution outside California: Baja California
Synonyms: var. macrocarpa (Munz) Munz
Horticultural information: DRN, SUN: 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24 &DRY: 5, 17; CVS include yellow-berried form.
|YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).|